Curriculum | First Year | Padartha Vigyanam Evum Ayurved Ithihas

Curriculum

1.1 Padartha Vigyanam Evum Ayurved Ithihas

Unit No Topic Learning objectives (At the end of the session the student should be able to ) Teaching Guidelines Methodology Time (Hours)
1. Ayurveda Nirupanam

1.1 Lakshana of Ayu, composition of Ayu.

1.2 Lakshana of Ayurveda.

1.3 Lakshana and classification of Siddhanta.

1.4 Introduction to basic principles of Ayurveda and their significance.  

 

To Define composition and aim of life

Ayurveda prayojanam

Siddhanta and its types

To cover Definition, composition and aim of of Ayu, Lakshana of Ayurveda. Its good and bad effects. Definition of Siddhanta and its types with examples.

Some basic principles of Ayurveda and their significance

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

 

7
2. Darshana

2.1 Philosophical background of fundamentals of Ayurveda.

2.2 Etymological derivation of the word “Darshana”. Classification and general introduction to schools of Indian Philosophy with an emphasis on: Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Sankhya and Yoga.

2.3 Ayurveda as unique and independent school of thought (philosophical individuality of  Ayurveda).

2.4 Padartha: Lakshana, enumeration and classification, Bhava and Abhava padartha, Padartha according to Charaka (Karana-Padartha).

Definition of Darshana, Classification, shad darshanas and their importance in ayurveda.

Definition of Padartha, number of padartha according to darshana and ayurveda

Importance of philosophical background, definition and derivation of darsana, classification, shad darshana and their impact in ayurveda,

Padarthas, its number and importance in ayurveda

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

PBL

SIS

Poster Presentation

 

12
3. Dravya

3.1 Dravya: Lakshana, classification and enumeration.

3.2 Panchabhuta: Various theories regarding the creation (theories of Taittiriyopanishad, Nyaya-Vaisheshika, Sankhya-Yoga, Sankaracharya, Charaka and Susruta), Lakshana and qualities of each Bhoota.

3.3 Kaala: Etymological derivation, Lakshana and division / units, significance in Ayurveda.  3.4 Dik: Lakshana and division, significance in Ayurveda.

3.5 Atma:Lakshana, classification, seat, Gunas, Linga according to Charaka, the method / process of knowledge formation (atmanah jnasya pravrittih).

3.6 Purusha: as mentioned in Ayurveda – Ativahikapurusha/ Sukshmasharira/ Rashipurusha/ Chikitsapurusha/ Karmapurusha/ Shaddhatvatmakapurusha.

3.7 Manas:  Lakshana, synonyms, qualities, objects, functions, dual nature of mind (ubhayaatmakatvam), as a substratum of diseases, penta-elemental nature (panchabhutatmakatvam).

3.8 Role of Panchamahabhuta and Triguna in Dehaprakriti and Manasaprakriti respectively.

3.9 Tamas as the tenth Dravya.

3.10 Practical study/application in Ayurveda.

 

Definition, classification, pancheekarana, importance of kaala,Dik, in ayurveda

Role of manas, its guna,vishayas, Atma and its role, different types of purusha, the role of Dravya in chikitsa

Definition, classification , of dravya,

Enumeration of panchamahabhuta, their qualities,

Kaala, dik and their role,

Importance of manas,its definition, guna, vishaya, dosha, atma its role ,

Different types of purusha and their role in chikitsa

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

PBL

Group discussion

Students Seminar

31
4. Guna

4.1 Etymological derivation, classification and enumeration according to Nyaya- Vaisheshika and Charaka, Artha, Gurvadiguna, Paradiguna, Adhyatmaguna.

4.2 Lakshana and classification of all the 41 gunas.

4.3 Practical / clinical application in Ayurveda.

No: of gunas, definition and their utility Guna definition, derivation, numbers according to different acharyas, lakshanas of each guna and their clinical utility Didactic

PBL

Students Seminar

Power Point Presentation

SIS

Poster Presentation

12
5. Karma

5.1 Lakshana, classification in Nyaya.  5.2 Description according to Ayurveda.

5.3 Practical study/ application in Ayurveda.

Definition, types and its utility Definition, derivation, nuber according to different acharyas and practical utility Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

2
6. Samanya

6.1     Lakshana, classification.

6.2      Practical study/ application with reference to Dravya, Guna and Karma.

 

Definition, classification and utility Lakshana, derivation, classification, and clinical utility Didactic

Power Point Presentation

PBL

Students Seminar

SIS

3
7. Visesha

7.1 Lakshana, classification.

7.2 Practical study/ application with reference to Dravya, Guna and Karma.

7.3 Significance of the statement “Pravrittirubhayasya tu”.

Definition, classification Definition, classification, comparative study of samanya and vishesha and practical utility Didactic

PBL

Power Point Presentation

Group Discussion

3
8. Samavaya

8.1   Lakshana

8.2    Practical study /clinical application in Ayurveda.

Definition Definition and utility in Ayurveda and its relationship with all padartha Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

2
9. Abhava

9.1   Lakshana, classification

9.2   Clinical significances in Ayurveda.

Definition

Types

Definition

Types

Clinical importance

 

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

Poster Presentation

3
1. Pariksha

 

1.1. Definition, significance, necessity and use of Pariksha.

1.2. Definition of Prama, Prameya, Pramata, Pramana.

1.3. Significance and importance of Pramana, Enumeration of Pramana according to different schools of philosophy.

1.4. Four types of methods for examination in Ayurveda Chaturvidha-Parikshavidhi), Pramana in Ayurveda.

1.5. Subsudation of different Pramanas under three Pramanas.

1.6. Practical application of methods of examination (Parikshavidhi) in treatment (Chikitsa).

Pariksa – definition,

Terminology,

Number of pramana,

Its utility in Ayurveda

 

Definition, terminology, number os pramanas according to different acharyas

Number of pramana according to charaka

Summarization of other pramanas under these three pramanas

Clinical importance

Didactic

SIS

10
2. Aptopadesha

2.1. Lakshana of Aptopadesha, Lakshana of Apta.

2.2. Lakshana of Shabda, and its types.

2.3. Shabdavritti-Abhidha, Lakshana, Vyanjana and Tatparyakhya. Shaktigrahahetu.

2.4. Vaakya: Characteristics, Vaakyarthagyanahetu- Aakanksha, Yogyata, Sannidhi.

 

Definition of aptopadesha, lakshanas of apta

Shabda, vaakya

Aptopadesha definition, Apta Lakshanas,

Lakshana of Shabda, types, shaktigrahaka hetu, vaakya, vaakyartha gyana hetu

Didactic

Student seminar

SIS

PBL

5
3. Pratyaksha

3.1. Lakshana of Pratyaksha, types of Pratyaksha- Nirvikalpaka- Savikalpaka with description, description of Laukika and Alaukika types and their further classification.

3.2. Indriya-prapyakaritvam, six types of Sannikarsha.

3.3. Indriyanam lakshanam, classification and enumeration of Indriya. Description of Panchapanchaka, Penta-elemental nature of Indriya by Panchamahabhuta (Panchabhautikatwa of Indriya) and similarity in sources (Tulyayonitva) of Indriya.

3.4. Trayodasha Karana, dominance of Antahkaran.

3.5. Hindrances in direct perception (pratyaksha-anupalabdhikaaran), enhancement of direct perception (Pratyaksha) by various instruments/ equipments, necessity of other Pramanas in addition to Pratyaksha.

3.6. Practical study/ application of Pratyaksha in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research grounds.

 

Patyaksha definition, types, shad sannikarsha,

Indriya,

Trayodasakarana

 

Pratyaksha anupalabdikaarana

Practical utility of pratyaksa

 

Definition,

Types,

Indriya,

Panchaboutikatva of indriya

Trayodhasakarana

Shad sannikarsha

Pratyaksha anupalabdikaarana

Other pramanas necessity

Clinical application of Pratyaksa

Didactic

SIS

PBL

Group Discussion

8
4. Anumana

4.1. Lakshana of Anumana. Introduction of Anumiti, Paramarsha, Vyapti, Hetu, Sadhya, Paksha, Drishtanta. Types of Anumana mentioned by Charaka and Nyayadarshana.

4.2. Characteristic and types of Vyapti.

4.3. Lakshana and types of Hetu, description of Ahetu and Hetwabhasa.

4.4. Characteristic and significance of Tarka.

4.5. Practical study/ application of Anumanapramana in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research.

Anumana – definition

Types

Terminologies

Hetwabasa

Sad  hetu

Tarka

Definition of Anumana,

Various terminologies in annumana,

Types of Anuana, hetu – types and definition, Hetwabasa

Tarka and its importance

 

Practical utility of Anumana

Didactic

SIS

Group Discussion

10
5. Yukti

5.1.  Lakshana and discussion.

5.2. Importance in Ayurveda.

5.3. Practical study and utility in therapeutics and research.

 

Definition.

Its importance in ayurveda

Definition, its importance and practical utility Didactic

SIS

Case presentation

2
6. Upamana

6.1     Lakshana.

6.2     Application in therapeutics and research.

Upamana definition and types Definition

types

Practical utiity

Didactic

Student Seminar

Role Model

2
7. Karya karana sidhanta

7.1. Lakshana of Karya and Karana. Types of Karana.

7.2. Significance of Karya and Karana in Ayurveda.

7.3. Different opinions regarding the manifestation of Karya from Karana: Satkaryavada, Asatkaryavada, Parinamavada, Arambhavada, Paramanuvada, Vivartavada, Kshanabhangurvada, Swabhavavada, Pilupaka, Pitharpaka, Anekantavada, Swabhavoparamavada.

 

 

 

 

 

Definition of Kaarya and kaarana, types of Kaarana

Different theories on Kaarya and Kaarana relationship

Definition of Kaarya and kaarana, types of Kaarana

Different theories on Kaarya and Kaarana relationship

Their utility in Ayurveda

 

Didactic

Role Model

Poster Presentation

 

 

11
8. Ithihas  Derivation

Etymological derivation (Vyutpatti), syntactical derivation (Niruktti) and definition of the word Itihas, necessity of knowledge of history, its significance and utility, means and method of history, historical person (Vyakti), subject (Vishaya), time period (Kaal), happening (Ghatana) and their impact on Ayurveda.

Derivation, definition, necessity Derivation, definition, necessity, significance, various time periods

 

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

 

1
9. Authors of classical Text

Introduction to the authors of classical texts during Samhitakaal and their contribution: Atreya, Dhanwantari, Kashyapa, Agnivesha, Sushruta, Bhela, Harita, Charaka,

Dridhabala, Vagbhata, Nagarjuna, Jivaka.

Period, background, author or commentator of which book, their speciality Period, back ground, author /commentator of which book, importance of their work, their contribution to Ayurveda Didactic

Power Point Presentation

 

5
10. Commentators of Classical Samhitas

Introduction to the commentators of classical Samhitas – Bhattaraharicchandra, Jejjata, Chakrapani, Dalhana, Nishchalakara, Vijayarakshita, Gayadas, Arunadutta, Hemadri, Gangadhara, Yogindranath Sen, Haranachandra, Indu

Period, background, author or commentator of which book, their speciality Period, back ground, author /commentator of which book, importance of their work, their contribution to Ayurveda Didactic

Poster presentation

Student Seminar

 

4
11. Authors of Compendium

Introduction to the authors of compendiums (Granthasamgrahakaala) – Bhavmishra, Sharngadhara, Vrinda, Madhavakara, Shodhala, Govinda Das (Author of Bhaishajyaratnawali), Basavraja.

Period, background, author or commentator of which book, their speciality Period, back ground, author /commentator of which book, importance of their work, their contribution to Ayurveda Didactic

SIS

3
12. Introduction of Authors of Modern Era

–        Gana Nath Sen, Yamini Bhushan Rai, Shankar Dajishastri Pade, Swami Lakshmiram, Yadavji Tikramji, Dr. P. M. Mehta, Ghanekar, Damodar Sharma Gaur, Priyavrat Sharma.

Period, background, author or commentator of which book, their speciality Period, back ground, author /commentator of which book, importance of their work, their contribution to Ayurveda Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

4
13. Globalization of Ayurveda

Expansion of Ayurveda in Misra (Egypt), Sri Lanka, Nepal other nations.

State of reach in other countries How did it spread, what was spread, specifity of that particular country and growth of ayurveda in that country Didacti

SIS

Power Point Presentation

1
14. a)Post independence period developmental activities in Ayurveda Developmental activities in Developmental  activities in Didactic

SIS

 

1
b) Establishment of different committees, their recommendations. Name of committee, members, period,recommendation of each committee Name of committee, members, period, recommendation of each committee Didactic

Group Discussion

2
c) Introduction to and activities of the following Organizations :- Department of AYUSH, Central Council of Indian Medicine, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia commission, National Medicinal Plants Board, Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) Full form of organizations,

Period when it was set up, purpose , its contribution to Ayurveda

Full form of organizations,

Period when it was set up, Mode of Working,  purpose , its contribution to Ayurveda, Research and developmental activities

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

VISITS

2
d) Introduction to the following National Institutions  National Institute of Ayurved, Jaipur.

IPGT&RA, Gujrat Ayurved University, Jamnagar.

Faculty of Ayurved, BHU, Varanasi.

Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeetha, New Delhi.

e) Drug and Cosmetic Act

Name of the institute, State, period of establishment, developmental activities going on

Drug and Cosmetic Act

Name of the institute, State, period of establishment, their contribution to Ayurveda, developmental activities going on,

Drug and Cosmetic Act

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

VISITS

1
15. Introduction to National & International Journals of Ayurveda Name of journals, publisher, content, period, specialty Name of journals, publisher, content, period, specialty Didactic

Power Point Presentation

1
16. Introduction to the activities of WHO Full form, period, composition, activities, recommendations Full form, period, composition, activities, recommendations Didactic

VISITS

2
  Total Teaching Hours 150

 

Reference Books:- A). Padartha Vigyan:-

  1. Padarthavigyan Acharya Ramraksha Pathak
  2. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana Vaidya Ranjit Rai Desai
  3. Ayurved Darshana Acharya Rajkumar Jain
  4. Padartha Vigyana Kashikar
  5. Padartha Vigyana Balwant Shastri
  6. Sankhyatantwa Kaumadi GajananS hastri
  7. Psycho Pathology in Indian Medicine Dr. S.P. Gupta
  8. Charak Evum Sushrut ke Prof. Jyotirmitra Acharya Darshanik Vishay ka Adhyayan
  9. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana Dr. Ayodhya Prasad Achal
  10. Padartha Vigyana Dr. Vidyadhar Shukla
  11. Padartha Vigyana Dr. Ravidutta Tripathi
  12. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyana Vaidya Ramkrishna Sharma Dhand
  13. Ayurvediya Padartha Vigyan Parichaya Vaidya Banwarilal Gaur
  14. Ayurvediya Padartha Darshan Pandit Shivhare Central Council of Indian Medicine 6
  15. Scientific Exposition of Ayurveda Dr. Sudhir Kumar
  16. Relevant portions of Charakasamhita, Sushrutasamhita.

B) History of Ayurveda:-

 

  1. Upodghata of Kashyapasamhita Rajguru Hem Raj Sharma Paragraph of acceptance of Indian medicine
  2. Upodghata of Rasa Yogasagar Vaidy Hariprapanna Sharma
  3. Ayurveda Ka Itihas KaviraSuram Chand
  4. Ayurveda Sutra Rajvaidya Ram Prasad Sharma
  5. History of Indian Medicine (1-3 part) Dr. GirindrNath Mukhopadhyaya
  6. A Short history of Aryan Medical Science Bhagwat Singh
  7. History of Indian Medicine J. Jolly
  8. Hindu Medicine Zimer
  9. Classical Doctrine of Indian Medicine Filiyosa
  10. Indian Medicine in the classical age AcharyaPriyavrata Sharma
  11. Indian Medicine (Osteology) Dr. Harnley
  12. Ancient Indian Medicine Dr. P. Kutumbia
  13. Madhava Nidan and its Chief Dr. G.J. Mulenbelt Commentaries (Chapters highlighting history)
  14. Ayurveda Ka BrihatItihasa Vaidya Atridev Vidyalankara
  15. Ayurveda Ka VaigyanikaItihasa Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  16. Ayurveda Ka PramanikaItihasa Prof. Bhagwat Ram Gupta
  17. History of Medicine in India Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  18. Vedomein Ayurveda Vaidya Ram GopalS hastri
  19. Vedomein Ayurveda Dr. Kapil Dev Dwivedi
  20. Science and Philosophy of Indian Medicine Dr. K.N. Udupa
  21. History of Indian Medicine from Dr. Jyotirmitra Pre-Mauryan to Kushana Period
  22. An Appraisal of Ayurvedic Material in Buddhist literature Dr. Jyotirmitra
  23. Mahayana Granthon mein nihita Dr. RavindraNathTripathi Ayurvediya Samagri
  24. Jain Ayurveda Sahitya Ka Itihasa Dr. Rajendra Prakash Bhatnagar
  25. Ayurveda- Prabhashaka Jainacharya Acharya Raj Kumar Jain
  26. CharakaChintana Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  27. Vagbhata Vivechana Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  28. Atharvaveda and Ayurveda Dr. Karambelkara
  29. Ayurvedic Medicine Past and Present Pt. Shiv Sharma
  30. Ancient Scientist Dr. O.P. Jaggi
  31. Luminaries of Indian Medicine Dr. K.R. Shrikanta Murthy
  32. Ayurveda Ke Itihasa Ka Parichaya Dr. RaviduttaTripathi
  33. Ayurveda Ke Pranacharya Ratnakara Shastri
  34. Ayurveda Itihasa Parichaya Prof. Banwari Lal Gaur

Note:

Theory 2 papers – 200 marks (100 each paper)

Total teaching hours: 150

Paper I – Part A- 50 mrks – Sr. No:1-4

Part B – 50 mrks – Sr.No:5-9

Paper II

Part A – 75 Mrks Sr. No: 10-16

Ayurveda Ithihas- 25 mrks Sr. No – 17-25