Curriculum | Fourth Year |Research methodology and Medical statistics

CURRICULUM

Unit No Topic Learning objectives (At the end of the session the student should be able to ) Teaching Guidelines Methodology Time (Hours)
1.  Brief historical background of research in Ayurved. and contemporary medical science

Evidences of researches in ayurvedic classics

Historical background of research in Ayurved with evidence Brief historical background of research in Ayurved and contemporary medical science

Evidences of researches in ayurvedic classics

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

 

3
2. Etymology, definitions and synonyms (Anveshana,

Gaveshana, Prayeshana, Anusandhan and Shodha) of the

word Research

Derivation,definitions and synonyms of the

word Research

Etymology, definitions and synonymsof Research & Anveshana,

Gaveshana, Prayeshana, Anusandhan and Shodha their definition

 

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

 

2
3. Research in Ayurved – Scope, need, importance, utility Scope, importance, need and utility of research in Ayurveda Research in ayurveda, its evidence, proof, need, importance , need for research in ayurveda Didactic

Power Point Presentation

Group discussion

Students Seminar

2
4. Types of Research

 

Types of research Types of research – familiarization of the terms

a) Pure and Applied

b) Qualitative , Quantitative and Mixed

Observational and interventional

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

Poster Presentation

4
5. Research process (Importance  of each steps in brief)

 

 

Research process definition, Steps involved in the process of research Research process definition, Steps involved in the process of research

a. Selection of the topic

b. Review of the literature

c. Formulation of Hypothesis

d.  Aims and Objectives

e. Materials and methods

f. Observations and results

g. Methods of communication of Research

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

5
6. Research tools Materials and methods used and the tools used Materials and methods used and the tools used,

Role of the pramanas as research tools

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

Students Seminar

SIS

2
7. The concept and importance of ethics in research Ethics, IEC, its constitution Ehics, IEC, its constitution, No;of Meetings,materials and documents to be submitted to IEC, importance of ethics in research Didactic

Power Point Presentation

2
8. Concept of Evidence Based Medicine and Scientific Writing Scientific writing – definition, scope and importance Importance of documentation and evidence based medicine, methods of documentation, scientific writing, tools used and methods Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

2
9. Importance of IT in data mining and important research data portals Importance of IT in data maintenance and sharing,important data portals like dhara,AYUSH Importance of IT in data maintenance, methods of data entry and maintenance,

Data Mining and important research data portals like  DHARA , PubMed, Ayush Research Portal, Bioinformatics Center, Research Management Informatic System

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

Students Seminar

3
10. Definition, scope and importance  of the Medical statistics Definition of medical statistics Definition, scope and importance  of the Medical statistics, its evidence in ayurveda, Pramana as a tool Didactic

SIS

Power Point Presentation

2
11. Common statistical terms and notations Definition of common statistical terms Definition of common statistical terms Didactic

Power Point Presentation

2
12. a. Population

b. Sample

c. Data

d. Variable

e. Normal distribution

a.Population

b. Sample

c. Data

d. Variable

e. Normal distribution

a.Population :

Selection, inclusion criteria, exclusion criteria.

b. Sample:

size, nature and area

c. Data :

what sort of data and duration of study, interval of collection of data

d. Variable :

e. Normal distribution

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

Group Discussion

3
13. Collection and Presentation of data

 

 

Methods of collection and presentation of data with definition Collection and Presentation of data. Where and when to use each type with example

a. Tabular

b. Graphical

c. Diagrammatical

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

SIS

Group Discussion

3
14. Measures of location

Measures of Central Tendency

 

 

Measures of location

Measures of Central Tendency with examples

 

Definition of Measures of location

a. Average

b. Percentile

Measures of Central Tendency

a. Arithmetic mean

b. Median

c. Mode

with problems and example

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

Case presentation

5
15. Variability and its measurement

 

 

Definition of Variability and its measurement

 

 

Variability and its measurement with definition

a. Range

b. Standard deviation

c. Standard error

Didactic

Power Point Presentation

 

3
16. Introduction to probability and test of significance Probability and various tests for significance Definition of Probability and significance. Various tests for significance like chi square test, t test & student T Test Didactic

Power Point Presentation

Poster Presentation

2
17. Parametric and non parametric tests Name and meaning of parametric and non parametric tests Name and meaning of parametric and non parametric tests with examples Didactic

Power Point Presentation

 

3
18. Introduction to commonly used statistical soft-wares Names of Software and their utility in Stat Names of Software and their utility in Stat, basic introduction to the  usage of Statistical softwares Didactic

Power Point Presentation

 

2
  Total Teaching Hours       25

 

Reference books for Research methodology :

  1. Dawson, Catherine, 2002, Practical Research Methods, New Delhi, UBS Publishers’ Distributors
  2. Kothari, C.R.,1985, Research Methodology-Methods and Techniques, New Delhi, Wiley Eastern Limited.
  3. Kumar, Ranjit, 2005, Research Methodology-A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners, (2nd.ed), Singapore, Pearson Education
  4. Students guide to research methodology – Undergraduates. Alexandria Medical Students Association.
  5. Health research methodology. A guide for training in research methods. 2nd edition. Manila, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2001.

 

Reference Books for statistics :

  1. Health research methodology. A guide for training in research methods. 2nd edition. Manila, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2001.
  2. Statistical methods in medical research. P.Armitage (Ed) Oxoford Blackwell
  3. Statistical methods . Snedecor GW and Cochran, WG
  4. Altman, D. G. (1991). Practical statistics for medical research. London: ChapmanPrinciples of Medical Statistics by A. Bradford Hill
  5. Interpretation and Uses of Medical Statistics by Leslie E Daly, Geoffrey J Bourke, James MC Gilvray.
  6. Research in Ayurveda-M S Baghel
  7. research methodlogy in ayurveda-V.J.Thakar,Gujarat Ayurved University
  8. Ayurveda anusandhan paddhati-P.V.Sharma

9.Research methodology methods and statistical techniques- Santosh Gupta. Greenhouse SW.

10.The growth and future of biostatistics: (A view from the 1980s). Statistics in Medicine 2003; 22:3323–3335.

11.Knapp GR & Miller MC. Clinical epidemiology and Biostatistics, NMS series Antonisamy B, Christopher S & Samuel PP. Biostatistics : Principles and practice 12.Sundara Rao PSS & Richard J. An introduction to Biostatistics, PHI

13.Senn S (1997). Statistical Issues in Drug Development. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

14.Methods in Bio-statistics for Medical Students- BK Mahajan

15.Vaidyakeeya Sankhiki Shastra- Dr.S.S.Savrika

Note:

Total Marks 50 (Part A-30 and Part B- 20)

Total teaching hours: 50

PART – A –Research Methodology Sl.No – 1-9

PART – B – Medical-Statistics – Sl.NO- 10- 18