Curriculum | Second Year | Agad Tantra and Vavahara Ayurveda

Sl No TOPICS Learning objectives( At the end of session student should be able to) Teaching guidelines methodology Time

(hours)

1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT- 1

 

1.1      Derivation, definition of Visha and Agadatantra. Scope of Agadatantra,VishaUtpatti, VishaPrabhava,Visha,PranaharanaKriya,VishaGuna, VishaGati, Visha Vega, VishaSankata,Shankavisha

 

1.2     Definition of toxicology, Definition of poison, Suicidal and homicidal poisons.

 

1.3      Classification of poisons, their action, Route of administration, Absorption, Excretion, Metabolism

 

1.4       Diagnosis and general principles of treatment, Duties of a medical practitioner in case of suspected poisoning

 

 

UNIT-2

 

2.1       Origin and Classification of Visha:-Its sources, Difference between Visha, Madya and Ojaguna, VishaUpadrava and VishaMuktaLakshana.

 

2.2       Tests for detection of Visha, Modern Toxicological Techniques of detection of poisons ,Visha Data Lakshana, VishaPeetaLakshana, Signs and symptoms of Visha afflicted organs and personal effects. (Poisoning with Anjana, Lepapaduka, Abharana

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT-3

 

3.1      Introduction to Environmental Toxicology

 

3.2      SamuhikaVishaprayoga, Effect of chemical and nuclear warfare

 

 

UNIT-4

 

4.1        Vishopakrama described by Charak General principles of Management of poisoning

 

 

UNIT-5

 

5.1       Manifestation of poisoning due to poisons of plant origin their fatal Dose, fatal period, Post mortem appearance and its medico legal importance-  Visha and Upavisha- Arka, Snuhi, Langali, Karaveera ,Gunja, Ahiphena, Dhattura, Bhallataka, Vatsanabha, Kupeelu, Jayapala, Bhanga, Tobacco, Partheniumhysteriphorus, Digitalis and Cerebra Odallam.

 

 

UNIT-6

 

6.1       Garavisha, Dooshivisha, Viruddhahara, Food adulteration

 

6.2        Poisoning–classification, diagnosis, management and contemporary significance.

 

 

UNIT-7

 

7.1        JangamaVisha – Detailed study of Sarpa, Keeta , Loota, Vrischika,Mooshika, Alarka – Visha; Lakshana, Bheda, chikitsa and their sadhyaasadhyata (contemporary and classical views)

 

 

 

 

UNIT-8

 

8.1        Introduction to poisoning due to Acids, Alkalis, Asphyxiants- Fatal dose, fatal period ,manifestation, management, medico legal importance and postmortem appearance of –  Sulphuric acid ,Hydrochloric acid ,Nitric   acid, Hydrocyanic acid , Oxalic acid, Carbolic acid , Formic acid, Alkalis in general

 

8.2         Asphyxiants –  carbon monoxide ,carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide

 

 

 

UNIT-9

 

Fatal dose, fatal period ,manifestation, management, medico legal importance and postmortem appearance OF-

 

9.1     Non metallic poisons– phosphorous, Iodine

 

9.2          Metallic poisons – Arsenic ,Mercury, Lead Copper, Zinc ,Lead

 

9.3         Other- Petroleum ,kerosene phosphorus compounds,Aluminium phosphate ,Organo chlorinated compounds ,Household poisons

 

 

UNIT-10

 

10.1        Madya and madatyay, Alcohol poisoning (ethanol and menthol)

 

10.2       Introduction to Narcotic drugs, Psychotropic substances

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss definition of Agadtantra, classification of poisons, its action, absorption, metabolism, excretion.

Discuss about diagnosis and general treatment of poison and duties of medical practitioner in case of suspected poison.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explain effect of visha and madya on oja,.

 

Explain how to detect the poison and sign and symptoms of poisoning.

 

Explain clinical features of visha afflicted organs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enumerate about toxic effect of poisons on environment.

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss about general treatment of poisons according ayurveda and modern medicine.

 

 

 

Enumerate clinical features, fatal dose, fatal period, treatment (ayurvedic and allopathic), autopsy findings of different poisonous plants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss about cumulative poison, food poisoning and detail study about the diagnosis, management .

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deep study about the animal poison as snake bite, scorpion, rabbiesetc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explain about clinical features, treatment and medico legal importance of corrosive poisons, asphyxiants .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Detail discussion about clinical features, management, post mortem appearance of non metallic, metallic, household poisons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discussion about clinical features of alcoholic poisoning, narcotic and psychotropic substance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To cover types of poisons, their action on body, their metabolism, treatment and duty of a doctor in case of medico legal cases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ayurvedic concept of visha and madya on ojadhatu, complications of poisons and ayu. And modern concept of detection of poisons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To cover toxic effect of poisons on soil, air and water.

 

 

 

To cover management of poisons as per ayurvedic concept and modern.

 

To cover sign and symptom fatal dose, treatment, medicolegal concept of plant origin poisons as cardiac, irritant, neurotic poisons.

 

To cover source and treatment of garvisha, dushivisha and food poisoning .

 

 

 

To cover the types of snakes, their poisonous effect, types of snake bite and treatment

 

 

 

To cover the definition of Vitriolage, medicolegal  importanceand clinical features, treatment of Corrosive poison.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To cover the clinical features, fatal dose, fatal period, treatment of metallic, non metallic and other poisons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To cover the effect of chronic alcoholism, methanol, ethanol, narcotic and psychotropic drugs and their treatment.

 

 

Instructive
PPT
OHP
Group discussion
Poster presentation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
PPT
OHP
Group discussion
Poster presentation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Group discussion

 

 

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Case presentation
Workshop

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Case presentation
Group discussion
Student seminar
Visit (herbal garden)

 

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Poster presentation
Student seminar

 

 

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Case presentation

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Case presentation
Group discussion
Student seminar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Case presentation
Group discussion
Student seminar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
OHP
Ppt
Case presentation
Group discussion
Student seminar

 

10 Hrs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

03 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

07 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

07 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06 hours

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

 

UNIT-1

 

1.1        Definition of Vyavahara Ayurveda (Forensic medicine) and Vidhivaidyaka (Medical jurisprudence), concise history of Vyavahara Ayurveda (Forensic medicine) and Vidhivaidyaka (Medical jurisprudence).

 

1.2       Introduction to Indian Penal Code, Indian Evidence Act and Criminal Procedure Code, Legal Procedures:- Inquest, Evidence, Witness

 

1.3      Courts and their powers.

 

 

UNIT-2

 

2.1      Personal identity and its Medico legal aspects, Forensic odontology

 

2.2      Introduction to Forensic Serology, DNA profiling

 

 

 

 

UNIT-3

 

3.1     Death and its Medico Legal Aspects

 

3.2      Medico legal autopsy, Exhumation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT-4

 

4.1      Injuries and thermal injuries, their medico Legal aspects

 

 

4.2       General introduction of weapons.

 

 

 

UNIT-5

 

5.1        Dowry deaths (Domestic Violence) Medico Legal importance of dowry  laws in relation to dowry.

 

 

 

 

 

UNIT-6

 

6.1         Asphyxial death and its Medico Legal importance

 

 

 

UNIT-7

 

7.1     Medico Legal importance of Pregnancy, Delivery , Impotence , Sterility , Abortion, Infanticide , Battered baby, Virginity ,Artificial Insemination, Legitimacy

 

UNIT-8

 

8.1       Sexual offences, and their Medico Legal aspects Sexual perversions

UNIT-9

 

9.1        Introduction to Forensic psychiatry.

 

UNIT-10

 

10.1      Ethics as in classical Texts. Types of Vaidya, Pranabhisara and Rogabhisara Vaidya, Qualities of Vaidya, Responsibilities of Vaidya, ChaturvidhaVaidyavrutti, Duties of Vaidya to his patient, Vaidya Sadvrittam, Apujya Vaidya, Vaidya Sadvrittam, Apujya Vaidya

10.2       Code of conduct-Laws in relation to Medical practitioners

10.3       Indian Medicine Central Council Act.

 

UNIT-11

11.1     Maintenance of medical record

11.2    Physician’s responsibility in criminal matters, Professional negligence, Civil negligence, Criminal negligence

11.3      Medico Legal aspects of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

11.4      Rights of an unborn child

11.5      Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act Transplantation of human organs Bill 1994. Pre Natal Diagnostic Testing Act, Malingering of feigned diseases

11.6     International Code of Medical Ethics for Doctors

11.6     Clinical establishment Act, Consumer Protection Act 1986.

Discuss about introduction of ofVyavahara Ayurveda (Forensic medicine) and Vidhivaidyaka (Medical jurisprudence)

 

 

 

Discuss about proceeding of criminal courts in India.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss about identification of person, its medico legal importance , forensic serology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss about mode of death, post mortem findings and its medico legal importance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deep study about injuries and its medico legal importance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Explain Dowry death and its medico legal importance.

 

 

 

 

 

Explain clinical findings and medico legal importance of hanging, strangulation, drowning etc

 

 

 

 

 

Explain about Clinical findings and medico legal importance of delivery ,pregnancy,sterility,abortion,virginity etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss about sexual prevention and medico legal importance of sexual offences.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Discuss about clinical features of psychiatry disorders and its medico legal importance.

 

Discuss about ethics and quality of vaidya( doctor) according to ayurveda

 

 

Discuss about laws related to medical  practitioners

 

 

Discuss about how to maintain medical records for medico legal purpose. And also discuss about the civil, professional, criminal negligence and laws related to these negligences.

 

 

Discuss about the various act like Right of an un born child, medical termination of pregnancy act, Consumer protection act etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To cover the knowledge of Vyavaharayurveda and Vidhivaidyaka.

 

 

 

To know about the court procedure and duty of a medical practitioner regarding court matters.

 

To cover a identity of a person for medico legal  purpose on the basis of race, religion ,age ,sex, dactylography, odontology , DNA profiling.

 

 

To know about the cause of death through post mortem, duty of a medical practitioner regarding autopsy, autopsy findings on different organs, rules regarding exhumation.

 

 

 

To cover the general  idea  of weapons, type of injuries ,their features and medico legal importance.

 

 

To know about the dowry death. And sec. of IPC related to dowry cases.

 

 

To cover the clinical features of hanging, strangulation, drowning and its medico legal importance.

 

 

To cover the deep description of clinical features of pregnancy, sterility, virginity, impotency, delivery, battered baby syndrome etc and its medico legal importance.

 

 

To cover the laws related to sexual offences and its medico legal importance.

 

 

To cover about the clinical features of dementia, phobia, hallucination etc and its medico legal importance.

 

 

 

To cover the qualities and manner of working of Vaidyas according to Ayurveda.

 

To cover the act related to Indian medicine central council act .

 

 

 

To cover the maintenance of medical records and negligence of a medical practitioner in civil, criminal and professional matters.

 

To cover laws related to medical termination of pregnancy act, Consumer protection Act , Pre natal diagnostic testing act etc.

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Visit(court)
Group discussion

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Group discussion
Poster presentation

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Group discussion
Visit (mortuary)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Group discussion
Poster presentation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Student seminar

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Poster presentation

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Student seminar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Student seminar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Student seminar

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Group discussion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Instructive
Ppt
OHP
Poster presentation
Group discussion

 

 

 

 

10 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

08 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

03 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

08 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

06 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 hours

Reference Books

  1. Topics related to Agada Tantra from Charak Samhita, Sushrut Samhita, AshtangaHridaya, AshtangaSamgraha, KasyapaSamhitha, Yogaratnakara, Bhavaprakasha and MadhavaNidana.
  2. Vidhivaidyaka (Vyavahar Ayurveda Vijnan) Dr.Charuchandra Pathak
  3. Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology Modi
  4. Basavarajeeyam Edited by Vd.Govardhan
  5. Agada Tantra Sh. RamanathDwivedi
  6. Text book of Agada Tantra Edited by DrHuparikar, Dr.Joglekar
  7. AgadatantrakiPathyapustaka Edited ByDrHuparikar,

Dr.Joglekar

  1. Agad Tantra Dr. ShekherNamboodri
  2. Vishachikitsa Vaidya Balakrishnan Nair, Kerala

(Ayurveda Toxicology English Translation)

  1. Medical Ethics and Medical Laws in India Dr. H.S. Mehta
  2. Toxicology Ayurvedic Perspective VPSV Ayurveda college Kottakkal
  3. KautilyaArthashastra (English) Prof. Kangle
  4. KautilyaArthashastra (Hindi) Dr. Raghunath Singh
  5. Vyavahar Ayurveda Dr.Ayodhya Prasad Achal
  6. Vyavahar Ayurveda VigyanamDr.IndramohanJha (Sachchan)
  7. Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology Dr. V.V.Pillay
  8. Forensic Medicine Dr. B. Umadathan
  9. Relevant Acts Govt. of India
  10. Relevant topics from Manu Smriti

Note:

Part A – Sl No – 1-10

Part B – Sl No – 11-21