Department of Dravyaguna Vijnana
(Pharmacology and Materia Medica )
|Unit No||Topic||Learning Objectives (At the end of the session the students should be able to)||Teaching Guidelines||Methodology||Time (Hours)|
|1.||Dravyaguna Shastra Paribhasa– Lakshana of Sapta Padartha of Dravyaguna Vijnana viz
|Enumerate the sapta padartha||To cover the introductory part of sapta padarthas as per different acharayas||1.Didactic
1.Etymological derivation, definition, panchbhoutikatwa.
2.Classification of Dravya according to Samhitas and Nighantus Taxonomical classification.
|Describe the dravya lakshans, as wel as aahara dravya and aushadhi dravya||To cover the concept of Dravya about the panchabhoutikatawa for its tara tama prayoga.||1.Didactic
Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of
|Explain the lakshana of guna ,vargas,superiority,and their clinical applications||To cover the the properties, types ,importance in the clinical aspect as wel as in the swasthya condition.||1.Didactic
1.Etymological derivation, definition, Meaning of “Rasa” in various contexts.
2.Shad Rasas (Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik constitution of Rasas,
3.Nirvrittiviseshakrama (manifestation in general and particular) Ritu and shad rasa Rasanurasayoh bheda (Difference between rasa and anurasa),
Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of shad Rasas, Kopana and Shamana of Dosha and dushya by Shad rasas.
4.Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Rasopalabdhi, Rasaskandha.
|Describe the various number of tastes as per different acharyas their properties on swasthya condition,as per ritus as well as in rogavastha. About taste threshold.||To cover the sadrasa properties, its effects on dosa,dhatu, mala and its applicability in the clinical aspect. along with their advantage and its disadvantages.||1.Didactic
1.Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka,
2.Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka.
3.Grades of Vipaka (taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Factors to determineVipaka).
|Explain the digestion, the process of avasthapaka and vipaka.its types how the dosha , dushya and mala are formed||To cover the act of digestion .if the in particular avastha the concerned vipaka will not be formed then the suspected diseases.and to over come the particular disease the line of treatment||1.Didactic
3. Group Discussion
1.Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, 2.Number of Virya.
(Dwividha & Ashtavidha)
3.Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along
|Describe about the formation of virya upon the particular drugs.and their properties .and to balance the health the knowledge about the usage of same or opposite vriya dravya .||To cover the potency of the drugs which will be suitable of the particular diseases||1.Didactic
3. Group Discussion
1.Definition, Effects of Prabhava.
|Describe the special effects of the particular drugs and its properties on the roga and rogi||To cover the properties of prabhava which will be not related with the rasa panchaka.and its effect on roga and rogi.||1.Didactic
|8.||1.Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana).
2.Samanapratyayarabdha and Vichitrapratyayarabdha dravyas.
|Explain the relation between dravya,guna,rasa, virya,vipaka and prabhava along with comprasion and its effect on the body||To cover how all the saptapadarathas are inter related along with prabhava .and effects on roga and rogi.||1.Didactic
1.Lakshana, swaroopa and bheda of karma (Definition, nature and types of action).
2.Explanation of the following Karmas with examples:
|Explain the swaroop, bedha and their karma with the drugs which helps to enchance or decrease the particular effect.||To cover the meaning of each karma,its physiology.and the drugs which enhances or decreases the particular karma.||1.Didactic
3. Group Discussion/
|10.||.1.Brief information on Karmas of dashemani gana of Charak Samhita.||Explain the individual dashemani and the drugs mentioned in each dashemani||To cover the need of mentioning the particular drug in the particular gana with their properties||1.Didactic
/student seminar/field visit
Audbhida Gana (Vegetable origin)
Jeevaneeya panchamoola, Panchapallava Panchavalakala
Triphala, Trikatu,Trimada, Chaturusana, Panchakola, Shadusana, Chaturbeeja, Jeevaniya gana, Ashtavarga, Trijataka, Chaturajataka, Katuchaturjataka Panchatikta, Amlapanchaka, Chaturbhadra,Trikarshika, Swalpatriphala, Madhuratriphala, Mahavisha, Upavisha, Agrya aushadh varga- Knowledge of Agrayaaushadha Varga with example.
11 b.Jangama Gana (Animal origin) – Ksheerashtaka, Mutrashtaka, Pitta panchaka.
11c .Parthiva Gana (Mineral origin) – Lavana Panchaka, Kshara dvaya, Kshara Ashtaka.
Mention the gana and the individual drugs in the gana and their properties and indications
|To cover the ganas and indications of particular ganas in the relavent conditions.||1.Didactic
|12||Basis of nomenclature:
Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms.
|Mention the nomenclature of the dravyas||About nomenclature, synonyms of the particular drugs and its importance||1.Didactic
|13.||Bheashaja Pariksha vidhi (as described in Charaka samhita vimana sthana 8),
Dravya Sangrahana (collection of dravya)-
1.Classification of desha (geographical area) and bhumi (soil), swarupa of sangrahaniya dravya of (Nature and quality of drug to be collected).
2.Sangrahana vidhi (Method of collection) -Vegetable and Animal origin drugs according to part used.
3.Period of collection according to virya, samrakshana vidhi (preservation of collected dravyas), bheshajagara (Storehouse), study on different prayojyanga (useful plant parts).
|Explain the nature of soil , dravya ,collection of particular dravya in the particular time, area.||To cover the importance of soil, dravya , to collect in the particular area, time ,how to collect, its preservation and its importance.||1.Didactic
|14||a.Concept of dravya shodhan (purification of dravya),
b.Brief knowledge of Apamishran (adulterants)
c.Concept of Abhava pratinidhi dravya (substitutes)
|Have the practical Knowledge of shodana karma of the required drugs. and identification of original drug,their substitutes and adultrants.||To cover the procedures of shodana ,need of shodana karma. identification of substitutes and adultrants
. and their properties and their adverse effect.
|15.||1.Prashasta bheshaja (ideal drug), plant extracts.
2. Concept of viruddha Dravya
(incompatibility of the dravya).
|To describe the prashasta bheshaja.what is incompatibility and incompatibility will be formed and what are its effects on the body.||To cover the need of prashasta bheshaja.its identification.formation of incompatibility by the dravyas and its adverse effect on the body and its line of treatment.||PPt
|16.||Introduction to Nighantu Vigyan –
Defination of Nighatu. Period of each Nighantu and particular nighantu in detail.
|To cover the importance of Nighantu individually.the way of drugs mentioned in the each Nighantu.||Didactic
|17||Brief knowledge of cultivation, conservation of medicinal plants and information about endangered species.||Explain the method of cultivation,along with flowering seasons,fruting etc.wat are endangered species .||To cover the good yield of the plants, about the manure to be used .conservation of the plants and their sps.how the plants get extinct.and how to conserve such plants||Didactic /PPT
|18.||Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology and Principles of general Pharmacology.
Brief Knowledge about pharmacology of the following – 1.Anaesthetics, CNS depressants,
4.Digestants, Carminatives, Laxatives,
6.Antiobesity, Antidiabetic, Styptics,
8.Minerals,Water imbalance and IV fluids,
9.Sedatives, Hypnotics, Tranquilisers,
12.Aerosols/ Inhalants, Expectorants
23.Antivenom, antirabbies serum,
24.Anti cancer drugs
26.Local anti septics, Antiepileptics,
28.Drugs in ophthalmic practice,
|Describe the general pharmacology. Of the points as mentioned.||To cover the definition of each modern points and its description to correlate with the Ayurvedic Pharmacology and its clinical applications.||Didactic
|19||Detailed Knowledge of Following Dravya with respect to
15.Kumkum Kesara, Talisa Patra,
|Identify ,mention and describe the
Basonym of drug,
Regional Name Botanical Name
Classification of Dravya
Action on Dosha,Dhatu, Mala,
Prayogarha vyadhi Amayikaprayoga and Matra
Vishakta Lakshan Chikitsopachara and Shodhana if required of all the drugs as mentioned in the list.
|Identification of each drug and to cover the importance of Basonym Synonyms
Regional Name Botanical name
Its morphology for its identification.
Collection of the useful part, its action on the roga and rogi
.In visha dravyas their shodana, its matra and toxicity of the particular drugs.And their clinical applications.
|20||Brief Knowledge of following dravyas with Respect to
· Sanskrit Name
· Botanical Name
· Habit (Samanya Swarupa)
· Parts Used and Indications
|Identify, mention with their
Parts Used and Indications
|Identification and to cover the clinical application of the particular drug along with its merits and demerits.||PPt
|21||Introduction, Guna, Karma and Uses of following Jantava Dravya
(Drugs of Animal Origin).
|Identify, their morphology
Mode of Collection
|22||Introductory Knowledge of Following Annapana Varga:
1. Jala Varga
2. Dugdha Varga
3. Madhu Varga
4. Taila Varga
5. Sukadhanya Varga
7. Phala Varga 8. Shaka Varga
9. Mamsa Varga 10. Aharayogi
|Explain each varga.
Effects on Dosha,Dhatu and Mala with their clinical uses.
|To Cover the properties and uses of each varga and their clinical applicability along with their merits and demerits.||PPT
|23||A Study of
a. Macroscopic characters
b. Microscopic characters
c. Organoleptic characteristics d. Grahya – Agrahyata and
e. Useful parts of following plants and their useful parts.
i. Kand ( Stem) –Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala
ii. Patra (Leaves ) – Vasa or Kumari
iii. Pushpa (Flowers and its parts )
iv.Phala ( Fruit) – Maricha or madanaphala or vidanga
v. Beeja ( Seeds)- Eranda or Kapicchhu
vi. Twak ( Bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwatta
vii. Moola ( Root) – Punarnava or chitraka.
viii. Niryasa ( Exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa.
ixJangama dravya – Madhu or gritha
Explain the external features, transverse and longitudinal sections, identification of each drug by panchendriya along with their chemical constituents.
To overcome the substitutes and adulterants with identifying the genuine drug and to know about the standardization of the drug as per the guidelines.
Student seminar(Identification of drugs available dry/wet drugs)
- Abhinav Buti Darpan (Vol.1-2) – Vd. Roop Lal Vaishya
- Aushadna Vigyna Shastra – Acharya Pt. Vishvanatha Dwidevi
- Ayurvediya Aushadnkarma vigyana – Acharya V.J. Thakur
- Bedi Vanaspati Kosha – Prof. Ramesh Bedi
- Bhaishajyaguna Vigyana – Dr. Alakhnarayan Singh
- Bhav Prakash Nigantu (English) – Shreekanthamurti
- Bhav Prakash Nighantu – With Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar commentary
- Bhrinad dravyagunadarsha – Mahendra Kumar Shastri
- Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants – Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
- Controversial Medicinal Plants – Vd. G. Bapa Lal
- Dalhana Ka Dravyaguna Shastra Ke Kshetra Me Yogadana – Vd. Shiv Kumar Vyas
- Dravyaguna Kosha – Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
- Dravyaguna Sutram – Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
- Dravyaguna Vigyana – Dr. Gyanendra Pandey
- Dravyaguna Vigyana(Vol. 1-2) – Acharya Yadavji Tikram Ji
- Dravyaguna Vijyana – Dr. V.M. Gogate
- Dravyaguna Vigyana (Vol. 1-5) – Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
- Dravyaguna Shastrum – Vaidya G.A. Phadake
- Dravyaguna Vijyana – Dr. A.P. Deshpande
- Dravyagunavijnana basic Principles – Prof.D.S.Lucas
- Forgotten Healers (Indian Medicinal Plants) – Dr. Prakash Pranjape
- Glossry of Vegetable Drugs in Bhrittrayis – Thakur Balwant Singh & Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar
- Introduction to Dravyaguna – Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
- Kriyatamka Aushadi Parichaya – Acharya Pt. Vishvanath Dwidevi
- Materia Medica – Acharya Ghosh
- Nighantu Adarsh (Vol. 1-2) – Vd. Bapa Lal
- Pharmacological basis of Medical Practice – Goodman & Gillman
- Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics – Satoskar Bhandarkar & Ainapure
- Prayogatamaka Dravyaguna Vigyana – Dr. Maya Ram Uniyal
- Priya nighantu – Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
- Raspanchaka/Dravyaguna Siddhanta – Prof. Shivcharan Dhyani
- System of Plant Nomenclature in Ayurveda – Dr. Gyanendra Panday
- Text Book of Pharmacognosy – Trees & Valis
- Textbook of Dravyaguna – Dr.K.Nishteswar
- Unani Dravyaguna Vigyana – Hakim Daljeet Singh
Theory Two papers- 100 marks each
Practical/Viva voce – 200 marks
Total marks – 400
Part A – Sl No:- 1-13
Part B – Sl No:- 14-18
Sl No:- 19-22
Practicals – Sl No:- 23-26