Curriculum | Second Year | Dravyaguna Vighyan

Department of Dravyaguna Vijnana
(Pharmacology and Materia Medica )

Unit No Topic                                                                                                      Learning Objectives (At the end of the session the students should be able to) Teaching Guidelines Methodology Time (Hours)
1. Dravyaguna Shastra Paribhasa Lakshana of Sapta Padartha of Dravyaguna Vijnana viz

1.Dravya

2.Rasa

3.Guna

4. Virya

5.Vipaka

6.Prabhava and

7.Karma.

 

Enumerate the sapta padartha To cover the introductory part of sapta padarthas as per different acharayas 1.Didactic

2. SIS

 

2
2. Dravya:

1.Etymological derivation, definition, panchbhoutikatwa.

2.Classification of Dravya according to Samhitas and Nighantus Taxonomical classification.

Describe the dravya lakshans,  as wel as aahara dravya and  aushadhi dravya To cover the concept of Dravya about the panchabhoutikatawa for its tara tama prayoga. 1.Didactic

2. SIS

 

 

3
3. Guna:

Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of

1.Gurvadi Guna

2.Paradi gunas.

Explain the lakshana of guna ,vargas,superiority,and their clinical applications To cover the the properties, types ,importance in the clinical aspect as wel as in the swasthya condition. 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3.Role Play

 

2
4. Rasa:

1.Etymological derivation, definition, Meaning of “Rasa” in various contexts.

2.Shad Rasas (Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik constitution of Rasas,

3.Nirvrittiviseshakrama (manifestation in general and particular) Ritu and shad rasa Rasanurasayoh bheda (Difference between rasa and anurasa),

Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of shad Rasas, Kopana and Shamana of Dosha and dushya by Shad rasas.

4.Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Rasopalabdhi, Rasaskandha.

Describe the various number of tastes as per different acharyas their properties on swasthya condition,as per ritus as well as in rogavastha. About  taste threshold. To cover the sadrasa properties, its effects on dosa,dhatu, mala and its applicability in the clinical aspect. along with their advantage and its disadvantages. 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3.Group Discussion

4
5. Vipaka:

1.Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka,

2.Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka.

3.Grades of Vipaka (taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Factors to determineVipaka).

 

Explain the digestion, the process of avasthapaka and vipaka.its types how the dosha , dushya and mala are formed To cover the act of digestion .if the in particular avastha the concerned vipaka will not be formed then the suspected diseases.and to over come the particular disease the line of treatment 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3. Group Discussion

 

3
6. Veerya:

1.Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, 2.Number of Virya.

(Dwividha & Ashtavidha)

Panchabhauthikatva

3.Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along

With exceptions.

Describe about the formation of virya upon the particular drugs.and their properties .and to balance the health the knowledge about the usage of same or opposite vriya dravya . To cover the potency of the drugs which will be suitable of the particular diseases 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3. Group Discussion

 

2
7 Prabhava:

1.Definition, Effects of Prabhava.

 

Describe the special effects of the particular drugs and its properties on the roga and rogi To cover the properties of prabhava which will be not related with the rasa panchaka.and its effect on roga and rogi. 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3.Group Discussion

 

2
8. 1.Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana).

2.Samanapratyayarabdha and Vichitrapratyayarabdha dravyas.

Explain the relation between dravya,guna,rasa, virya,vipaka and prabhava along with comprasion and its effect on the body To cover how all the saptapadarathas are inter related along with prabhava .and effects on roga and rogi. 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3.Group Discussion

 

1
9. Karma:

1.Lakshana, swaroopa and bheda of karma (Definition, nature and types of action).

2.Explanation of the following Karmas with examples:

 

1. Deepana.

2. pachana

3. samshodhana

 

 

 

4. Samshamana

5. Anulomana

6. Sransana

7. Bhedana

8. Rechana

9. Chhedana

10. Lekhana

11. Grahi

12. Sthambhana

13. Madakari

14. Pramathi

15. Abhishyandi

16. Vyavayi

17.Vikasi

18. Rasayana

19. Vajeekarana

20. Jeevaneeya

21. Balya

22. Brimhana

23.  Langhana

24.  Medhya

 

Explain the  swaroop, bedha and their karma with the drugs which helps to enchance or decrease the particular effect. To cover the meaning of each karma,its physiology.and the drugs which enhances or decreases the particular karma. 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3. Group Discussion/

student seminar

 

6
10. .1.Brief information on Karmas of dashemani gana of Charak Samhita. Explain the individual dashemani and the drugs mentioned in each dashemani To cover the need of mentioning the particular drug in the particular gana with their properties 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3.Group 4Discussion

/student seminar/field visit

 

10
11 Mishraka Gana:

11a)

Audbhida Gana (Vegetable origin)

Brihatpanchamoola

Laghupanchamoola

Vallipanchamoola

Kantakapanchamoola

Trinapanchamoola

Madhyamapanchamoola

Jeevaneeya panchamoola, Panchapallava Panchavalakala

Triphala, Trikatu,Trimada, Chaturusana, Panchakola, Shadusana, Chaturbeeja, Jeevaniya gana, Ashtavarga, Trijataka, Chaturajataka, Katuchaturjataka Panchatikta, Amlapanchaka, Chaturbhadra,Trikarshika, Swalpatriphala, Madhuratriphala, Mahavisha, Upavisha, Agrya aushadh varga- Knowledge of Agrayaaushadha Varga with example.

11 b.Jangama Gana (Animal origin) – Ksheerashtaka, Mutrashtaka, Pitta panchaka.

11c .Parthiva Gana (Mineral origin) – Lavana Panchaka, Kshara dvaya, Kshara Ashtaka.

 

Mention the gana and the individual drugs in the gana and their properties and indications

To cover the ganas and indications of particular ganas in the relavent conditions. 1.Didactic

2.PPT

3.Group 4.Discussion/

student seminar/

field visit

 

10
12 Basis of nomenclature:

Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms.

Mention the nomenclature of the dravyas About nomenclature, synonyms of the particular drugs and its importance 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3. PPT

1
13. Bheashaja Pariksha vidhi (as described in Charaka samhita vimana sthana 8),

Dravya Sangrahana (collection of dravya)-

Ecology-

1.Classification of desha (geographical area) and bhumi (soil), swarupa of sangrahaniya dravya of (Nature and quality of drug to be collected).

2.Sangrahana vidhi (Method of collection) -Vegetable and Animal origin drugs according to part used.

3.Period of collection according to virya, samrakshana vidhi (preservation of collected dravyas), bheshajagara (Storehouse), study on different prayojyanga (useful plant parts).

Explain the nature of soil , dravya ,collection of particular dravya in the particular time, area. To cover the importance of soil, dravya , to collect in the particular area, time ,how to collect, its preservation and its importance. 1.Didactic

2. SIS

3.PPT

4.student 5.seminar

field visit

 

4
14 a.Concept of dravya shodhan (purification of dravya),

b.Brief knowledge of Apamishran (adulterants)

c.Concept of Abhava pratinidhi dravya (substitutes)

Have the practical Knowledge of shodana karma of the required drugs. and identification of original drug,their substitutes and adultrants. To cover the procedures of shodana ,need of shodana karma. identification of substitutes and adultrants

. and their properties and their adverse effect.

PPt

Field Visits

Industrial Visits

 

4
15. 1.Prashasta bheshaja (ideal drug), plant extracts.

2. Concept of viruddha Dravya

(incompatibility of the dravya).

To  describe the prashasta bheshaja.what is incompatibility and incompatibility will be formed and what are its effects on the body. To cover the need of prashasta bheshaja.its identification.formation of incompatibility by the dravyas and its adverse effect on the body and its line of treatment. PPt

Field Visits

group discussion

3
16. Introduction to Nighantu Vigyan –

1.Dhanwantari Nighantu,

2.Bhavaprakashanighantu,

3.Rajanighantu.

Describe the

Defination of Nighatu. Period of each Nighantu and particular nighantu in detail.

To cover the importance of Nighantu individually.the way of drugs mentioned in the each Nighantu. Didactic

Group Discussion

6
17 Brief knowledge of cultivation, conservation of medicinal plants and information about endangered species. Explain the method of cultivation,along with flowering seasons,fruting etc.wat are endangered species . To cover the good yield of the plants, about the manure to be used .conservation of the plants and their sps.how the plants get extinct.and how to conserve such plants Didactic /PPT

 

 

3
18. Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology and Principles of general Pharmacology.

Brief Knowledge about pharmacology of the following – 1.Anaesthetics, CNS depressants,

2.Antipyretics, Analgesics,

3.Antiplatelet, Hypolipidaemic,

4.Digestants, Carminatives, Laxatives,

5.Hepatoprotective, Antiinflammatory,

6.Antiobesity, Antidiabetic, Styptics,

7.Antihistamines, Antimicrobial,

8.Minerals,Water imbalance and IV fluids,

9.Sedatives, Hypnotics, Tranquilisers,

10Antihypertensive,

11.Haemopoetic, Coagulants,

12.Aerosols/ Inhalants, Expectorants

13.Antacids, Antiulcer,

14.Antidiarrhoeals, Antiemetic,

15.Diuretic, Antidiuretic,

16.Hormonal therapy

17.Antithyroid, Oxytocic.

18Contraceptives,

19.Galactagogues, Antibiotics,

20.Amoebicidal, Antifilarial,

21.Anthelmentic, Antifungal,

22.Vaccines,

23.Antivenom, antirabbies serum,

24.Anti cancer drugs

25.Immunomodulators.

26.Local anti septics,  Antiepileptics,

27.Vitamins, Bronchodialators,

28.Drugs in ophthalmic practice,

29.Antianginal, Lithotriptic,

30.Antimalarial,

Describe the general pharmacology. Of the points as mentioned. To cover the definition of each modern points and its description to correlate with the Ayurvedic Pharmacology and its clinical applications. Didactic

PPT

SIS

Poster presentation

34

 

 

19 Detailed Knowledge of Following Dravya with respect to

  1. Basonym of drug,
  2. Main Synonyms,
  3. Regional Name,
  4. Botanical Name,
  5. Family,
  6. Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut,
  7. External morphology, Useful parts,
  8. Important phytoconstituents, Rasa panchaka,
  9. Action on Dosha, Dhatu, Mala,
  10. Prayogarha vyadhi (therapeutic indications), Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic administration and Dose),
  11. Vishishta yoga (names of important formulations), Vishakta Lakshan (adverse effects),
  12. Chikitsopachara (remedial measures) and
  13. Shodhana (as required)

1.Agaru,

2.Haridradvaya, Patala,

3.Pippali-Pippalimula,

4.Amalaki, Jambu,

5.Pushkarmoola,

6.Aragvadha, Jeerakadvaya,

7.Saireyaka, Arjuna,

8.Arkadvaya,

9.Kantakari, Shalaparni,

10.Shallaki,

11.Bakuchi, Karpura,

12.Katuki,

13.Shigru, Bharangi,

14.Bhrungaraj,

15.Kumkum Kesara, Talisa Patra,

16.Tila, Bilva,

17.Brahmi,

18.Lavanga, Tvak,

19.Ushira, Chitraka,

20.Dadima,

21.Manjishtha, Varahi,

22.Varuna, Durva,

23.Nagakeshara,

24.Nimba,

25.Vidari, Gokshura,

26.Guduchi, Parpata,

27.Pashanabheda,

28.Agnimantha, Haritaki

29.Hingu,

30.Punarnava,

31.Jatiphal,

32.Rasona, Ardraka-Sunti

33.Arjuna, Kalamegha

34.Kampillaka, Sarivadvaya

35.Sarpagandha,

36.Asoka,

37.Karkatakshringi,

38.Shankhapushpi,

39.Bhallataka,

40.Kiratatikta,

41.Shyonaka, Bibhitaka

42.Bijak/ Vijaysar,

43.Kushta, Trivrut

44.Tulasi, Bruhati

45.Chandanadvaya, Lodhra

46.Madanaphala, Vacha

47.Varahi,

48.Dhataki, Maricha

49.Musta, Vasa

50.Vatsanabha, Eranda

51.Gambhari, Nirgundi

52.Palasha, Yastimadhu

53.Jatamansi,  Yavani

54.Guggulu, Ahiphena,

55.Aragvadha, Rohitaka,

56.Kanchanara, Ativisha,

57.Shatavari, Kumari,

58.Kutaja,

59.Eladvayam,Vidanga,

60.Prishniparni, Apamarga,

61.Kapikacchu, Shalmali

62.Baladvayam, Khadira

63.Ashvagandha

64.Shirisha

65.Mandukaparni,

66.Rasna

67.Devadaru

68.Kupilu

Identify ,mention  and describe the

Basonym of drug,

Main Synonyms

Regional Name Botanical Name

Family

Classification of Dravya

Morphology

Useful parts

Phytoconstituents

Rasa panchaka

Action on Dosha,Dhatu, Mala,

Prayogarha vyadhi Amayikaprayoga and Matra

Vishishta yoga,

Vishakta Lakshan Chikitsopachara and Shodhana  if required of all the drugs as mentioned in the list.

Identification of  each drug and to cover the importance of Basonym  Synonyms

Regional Name Botanical name

Its morphology for its identification.

Collection of the useful part, its action on the roga and rogi

.In visha dravyas their shodana, its matra and toxicity of the particular drugs.And their clinical applications.

PPT

Role model

Posters

Field visit

Students seminar

group discussion

60
20 Brief Knowledge of following dravyas with Respect to

·         Sanskrit Name

·          Botanical Name

·         Family,

·         Habit (Samanya Swarupa)

·         Parts Used and Indications

  1. Agastya, Jati
  2. Jayapala, Parasika
  3. Parijata, Amlavetasa,
  4. Amra, Kadamba,
  5. Kaidarya, Parnayavani,
  6. Parpataka, Aparajita,
  7. Ashvagol, Kankola,
  8. Karanja, Patha,
  9. Patola, Atasi,
  10. Avartaki, Karira, Pilu,
  11. Karpasa, Plaksha, Babbula,
  12. Prasarani, Badara, Kasha,
  13. Bakula, Kasni, Priyangu,
  14. Kataka, Puga, Bijapoora,
  15. Putiha, Bola, Kebuka,
  16. Chakramarda, Kharjura, Rajika/Sarshapa
  17. Kitmari, Rohitaka, Chandrashura
  18. Saptachakra, Changeri, Koshataki,
  19. Chavya, Kulatha, Saral,
  20. Kumuda, Sarja, Chopachini,
  21. Shala, Danti, Kusmanda,
  22. Darbha, Lajjalu, Sharapunkha,
  23. Langali, Shatahwa, Dhanvayasa,
  24. Shati, Dhanyaka, Latakasturi,
  25. Draksha, Madayantika, Sringataka,
  26. Mahanimba, Svarnakshiri, Gandhaprasarini
  27. Tagara, Garjara, Markandika,
  28. Gojihva, Masha, Talmuli,
  29. Mashaparni, Taruni, Gunja,
  30. Tavakshira, Hinsapa, Mayaphala,
  31. Hinstra, Meshashrungi, Tuvaraka,
  32. Methika, Udumbara, Hrutpatri,
  33. Urana, Ikshu, Mulaka,
  34. Indravaruni, Murva, Vata,
  35. Nagabala, Vatada, Irimeda,
  36. Vrudhadaru, Ishvaku, Narikela,
  37. Isvari, Nili, Japa,
  38. Ajamoda, Kakamachi, Parushaka
  39. Jeevanti, Parisha, Amragandhiharidra
  40. Ashvattha, Karavellaka, Patranga
  41. Avartani, Priyala, Kasamarda
  42. Bhumyamalki, Katphala, Putranjivaka
  43. Champaka, Kokilaksha, Saptaparna
  44. Chirbilva, Shara, Kusha
  45. Dattura, Latakaranja, Snuhi
  46. Dronapushpi, Mandukaparni, Tailaparni
  47. Gorakshaganja, Teja Patra, Matulunga
  48. Hribera, Mudgaparni, Vamsha
  49. Ingudi, Nala, Vrukshamla
  50. Padmaka
  51. Palandu, Akarkarabh,
  52. Yavani, Kadali,
  53. Parnabija, Ankola,
  54. Kamala, Patalagarudi,
  55. Karavira, Asthishrunkhala,
Identify, mention with  their

Sanskrit Name,

Botanical Name,

Family,

Samanya Swarupa

Parts Used and Indications

Identification and to cover the clinical application of  the particular drug along with its merits and demerits. PPt

role modle

posters

Field visit

Students seminar

group discussion

35
21 Introduction, Guna, Karma and Uses of following Jantava Dravya

(Drugs of Animal Origin).

1. Kasturi

2. Gorochana

3. Mrigasringa

Identify, their morphology

Collection

Preservation

Rasa panchaka

Uses.

Indentification

Mode of Collection

Uses

Clinical applications

PPT

Poster presentation

role modle

2
22 Introductory Knowledge of Following Annapana Varga:

1. Jala Varga

2. Dugdha Varga

3. Madhu Varga

4. Taila Varga

5. Sukadhanya Varga

6.Shamidhanya Varga

7. Phala Varga 8. Shaka Varga

9. Mamsa Varga 10. Aharayogi

Explain each varga.

Their properties,

Effects on Dosha,Dhatu and Mala with their clinical uses.

To Cover the properties and uses of each varga and their clinical applicability along with their merits and demerits. PPT

industrial visit

3
23 A Study of

a. Macroscopic characters

b. Microscopic characters

c. Organoleptic characteristics d. Grahya – Agrahyata and

e. Useful parts of  following plants and their useful parts.

 

i.                    Kand ( Stem) –Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala

ii. Patra (Leaves ) – Vasa or Kumari

iii. Pushpa (Flowers and its parts )

iv.Phala ( Fruit) – Maricha or madanaphala or vidanga

v. Beeja ( Seeds)- Eranda or Kapicchhu

vi. Twak ( Bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwatta

vii. Moola ( Root) – Punarnava or chitraka.

viii. Niryasa ( Exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa.

ixJangama dravya – Madhu or gritha

 

Explain the external features, transverse and longitudinal sections, identification of each drug by panchendriya along with their chemical constituents.

 

To overcome the substitutes and adulterants with identifying the genuine drug and to know about the standardization of the drug as per the guidelines.

 

SIS

Field visit

Group discussion

Student seminar(Identification of drugs available dry/wet drugs)

80

Reference Books

  1. Abhinav Buti Darpan (Vol.1-2)  –  Vd. Roop Lal Vaishya
  2. Aushadna Vigyna Shastra  –  Acharya Pt. Vishvanatha Dwidevi
  3. Ayurvediya Aushadnkarma vigyana  –  Acharya V.J. Thakur
  4. Bedi Vanaspati Kosha  –  Prof. Ramesh Bedi
  5. Bhaishajyaguna Vigyana  –  Dr. Alakhnarayan Singh
  6. Bhav Prakash Nigantu (English)  –  Shreekanthamurti
  7. Bhav Prakash Nighantu  –  With Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar commentary
  8. Bhrinad dravyagunadarsha  –  Mahendra Kumar Shastri
  9. Classical Uses of Medicinal Plants  –  Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  10. Controversial Medicinal Plants  –  Vd. G. Bapa Lal
  11. Dalhana Ka Dravyaguna Shastra Ke Kshetra Me Yogadana  –  Vd. Shiv Kumar Vyas
  12. Dravyaguna Kosha  –  Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  13. Dravyaguna Sutram  –  Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  14. Dravyaguna Vigyana  –  Dr. Gyanendra Pandey
  15. Dravyaguna Vigyana(Vol. 1-2)  –  Acharya Yadavji Tikram Ji
  16. Dravyaguna Vijyana  –  Dr. V.M. Gogate
  17. Dravyaguna Vigyana (Vol. 1-5)  –  Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  18. Dravyaguna Shastrum  –  Vaidya G.A. Phadake
  19. Dravyaguna Vijyana  –  Dr. A.P. Deshpande
  20. Dravyagunavijnana basic Principles  –  Prof.D.S.Lucas
  21. Forgotten Healers (Indian Medicinal Plants)  –  Dr. Prakash Pranjape
  22. Glossry of Vegetable Drugs in Bhrittrayis  –  Thakur Balwant Singh & Vd. Krishna Chandra Chunekar
  23. Introduction to Dravyaguna  –  Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  24. Kriyatamka Aushadi Parichaya  –  Acharya Pt. Vishvanath Dwidevi
  25. Materia Medica  –  Acharya Ghosh
  26. Nighantu Adarsh (Vol. 1-2)  –  Vd. Bapa Lal
  27. Pharmacological basis of Medical Practice  –  Goodman & Gillman
  28. Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics  –  Satoskar Bhandarkar & Ainapure
  29. Prayogatamaka Dravyaguna Vigyana  –  Dr. Maya Ram Uniyal
  30. Priya nighantu  –  Acharya Priyavrata Sharma
  31. Raspanchaka/Dravyaguna Siddhanta  –  Prof. Shivcharan Dhyani
  32. System of Plant Nomenclature in Ayurveda  –  Dr. Gyanendra Panday
  33. Text Book of Pharmacognosy  –  Trees & Valis
  34. Textbook of Dravyaguna  –  Dr.K.Nishteswar
  35. Unani Dravyaguna Vigyana  –  Hakim Daljeet Singh

 

Note:

Theory Two papers- 100 marks each

Lectures-200 hrs

Practicals-200 hrs

Practical/Viva voce – 200 marks

Total marks – 400

 

Paper I

Part A – Sl No:- 1-13

Part B – Sl No:- 14-18

Paper II

Sl No:- 19-22

Practicals – Sl No:- 23-26

Admission 2017