Curriculum | Second Year | RASASHATRA

CURRICULUM PLANNING      

Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana Department

S.No. Topic Learning objectives (At the end of the session the student should be able to explain ) Teaching Guidelines Methodology Time
1. Definition and etymology of Rasa, History of Rasashastra, Importance of Rasaushadhi, Concept of Rasa-Rasayana, Concept of RaseshwarDarshana. Concept of Rasashala and Rasamandap.

 

Definition,Chronological evaluation of Rasashastra, Basics regarding Rasa &Rasashala. Explain all the points with examples and visit to Ayurvedic Pharmacy. Didactic, SIS, PBL,

StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion

5Hrs
2. Brief Description and Application of Technical terminologies (Paribhasha): Avapa, Nirvapa, Dhalana, Bhavana, Jarana, Murchana, Shodhana, Marana, Amrutikarana, Lohitikarana, MrutaLoha, SatwaPatana, Druti, Apunarbhava, Niruttha, Rekhapurna, Varitara.

 

All Basic Paribhasa should be understand. Explain Shloka And Demonstrate during Practical. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

Tutorials,Field Visits/Industrial Visits,PanelDiscussion,Workshop

5Hrs
3. DravyaVarga: Amlavarga, Panchamrittika, Panchagavya, Panchamrita, Ksharashtaka, Dravakagana, Mitrapanchaka, Raktavarga, Lavanapanchaka.

 

Should Be able to Explain Dravyavarga. Along with explanation, Identification During prac. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,Tutorials,Panel Discussion. 4Hrs
4. Brief description of Yantras and their application UlukhalaYantra, KhalwaYantra, KachhapaYantra, DamaruYantra – VidhyadharaYantra- Urdhwapatan, Addhapatan&TiryakpatanaYantra, JaranarthaTulayantra, Dolayantra, Patalayantra, PalikaYantra, BalukaYantra, BhudharaYantra, SthaliYantra, SwedanaYantra.

 

Explain Yantra types and uses.  Importance, Use ,Contemporary Knowledge and Modern Development also explain. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

Tutorials,PosterPresentation,RoleModel,Workshop

4Hrs
5. Brief description & application of Musha (Crucible): SamanyaMusha, Gostanimusha, Vajra Musha, Mahamusha, Yoga musha, VrintakaMusha, Malla / Pakwamusha. Different types of crucibles e.g. Silica crucible, platinum crucible. Mudra and Sandhi Bandhana.

 

Explain Musha And Crucibles. Importance, Use ,Contemporary Knowledge and Modern Development also explain. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,TeachersSeminar,

GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation,RoleModel,

Workshop

4Hrs
6. Brief description & applications of Chullika, SatwapatanaKoshthi, PatalaKosthi, GaraKoshthi, Angarakoshthi and knowledge of various heating appliances viz. Gas stove, Hot plate, Heating mantle, Induction Stove, Hot Air Oven.

 

Able to explain Chullika, Furnaces, Tem. Variation And Modern Equipment’s. Demonstration Also in Lab. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 4Hrs
7. Concept, definition and types of Puta: Suryaputa, Chandraputa, Gomayaputa, Lawakaputa, Kukkutaputa, Kapotaputa, Varahaputa, Gajaputa, Mahaputa, Kumbhaputa, Valukaputa, Bhudharaputa, Applications of Electric muffle furnace and fuel (diesel) dependent furnace. Brief introduction to thermocouple and pyrometer.

 

Explanation of Puta, Types of Puta And Furnace. Importance, Use ,Contemporary Knowledge and Modern Development also explain. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,Tutorials,

PosterPresentation,RoleModel,Workshop

4Hrs
8. Knowledge of Parada: Synonyms, Occurrence, natural and artificial sources of Parada, Hingulotthaparada, Types of Parada, ParadaDosha: Naisargika, Yougika, Aupadhika (Kanchuka). Grahya-AgrahyaParada, Paradagati, Parada bandha, Shodhana of Parada. Paradasanskara and brief description of Ashtasamskara.

 

 

Know Detail About Parad Classical As well as Contemporary Science. Explanation Of All The points, Explain Shloka. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 8Hrs
9. Concept of Murchhana and Jarana of Parada, Preparation of Kajjali, Classification of Rasaushadhi: Khalvi rasa e.g. TribhuvanaKeerti Rasa, Parpati Rasa- Rasa Parpati, Kupipakva Rasa- Rasa sindur, Pottali rasa – Hemagarbhapottali. Rasa sevanavidhi and pathya and apathya.

 

Detail explanation of ChaturvidhRasayan. Demonstration of Method of Preparation in Practical. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

Tutorials,Field Visits/Industrial Visits,PosterPresentation,RoleModel,PanelDiscussion,

Workshop

8Hrs
10.  

Brief introduction of quality control , standardization and GMP of Rasaoushadhies

 

Explain About GMP Certified Pharmacy. Theory, Attitude towards GMP and visit to GMP Certified Pharmacy. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,

GroupDiscussion,Field Visits/Industrial Visits,

4Hrs
11. Occurrence, Synonyms, Minerological identification, Sources, Types, Grahya and Agrahyata, Shodhana, Marana and other processing techniques. Properties, dose, anupan and therapeutic uses, pathya – apathya and ashuddha, apakwa and avidheesevanjanyadosha and its management, important formulations of the following:
12.  1. Maharasa

Abhraka (Biotite Mica), Vaikrantha, Makshika (Chalco-pyrite), Vimala (Iron Pyrite), Shilajatu, Sasyaka (Peacock ore), Chapala and Rasaka (Sphalerite).

 

Explain all the Maharasa Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group

Discussion,PosterPresentation.

5 Hrs
13.  2. Uparasa

Gandhaka (Sulfur), Gairika (Red Ochre), Kasisa (Green Vitriol), Kankshi (Alum), Haratala (Orpiment), Manahshila (Realgar), Anjana and Kankustha.

 

Explain all the Uparasa. Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation.

5 Hrs
14.  3. Sadharana Rasa – Kampillaka, Gauripashana (Arsenic oxide), Navasadara (Ammonium chloride), Kaparda (Cowry), Agnijara, GiriSindura (Red oxide of Hg), Hingula (Red Cinnabar) and Mriddarashringa (Litharge).

 

Explain all the Sadharan Rasa Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion,,PosterPresentation. 5 Hrs
15.  4. Dhatu

Swarna (Gold), Rajata (Silver), Tamra (Copper), Loha (Iron), Vanga (Tin), Naga (Lead), Yashada (Zinc), Kamsya (Bronze), Pittala (Brass), Vartaloha. Dhatu -grahasambandha.

 

Explain all the Dhatu. Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation.

5 Hrs
16.  5. Ratna

Manikya (Ruby), Mukta (Pearl), Pravala (Coral), Tarkshya (Emerald), Pushparaga (Topaz), Vajra (Diamond), Nilam (Sapphire), Gomeda (Zircon or Cinnamone stone), Vaidurya (Cats eye). Ratnapariksha, Ratnadosha, Ratna-grahasambandha.

 

Explain all the Ratna Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,

GroupDiscussion,PosterPresentation.

3Hrs
17.  6. Uparatna-

Vaikranta (Tourmaline), Suryakanta (Sun stone), Chandrakanta (Moon st

one), Rajavarta (Lapis lazuli), Perojaka (Turquise), Sphatikamani (Quartz), Trinakanta, Palanka, Putika, Rudhir.

 

Explain all the Ratna Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation.

3Hrs
18.  7. Sudhavarga

Sudha (Lime stone ), Kaparda (Cowries), Shukti (Oyster Shell) , Shankh (Conch Shell), Mrigashringa (Stag horn), Khatika, Godanti (Gypsum) and Samudraphena (Cattle Fish bone), Kukkutandatwak (Hen’s Egg Shell).

 

Explain all the SudhaVarga Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation.

4 Hrs
19.  8. Sikatavarga

Sikata (Silica), Dugdhapashana (Talc), Nagapashana / Jaharmohara (Serpentine), Badarshama (silicate of lime ), Vyomashma (Sangeyashab – Jade), Kousheyashma (Asbestos) and Akika (Agate).

 

Explain all the SikthavargaDravya. Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation.

2 Hrs
20.  9. Ksharavarga

Sarjakshara (Sodium bicarbonate), Yavakshara, Tankanakshara (Borax), Surya Kshara (Potassium Nitrate).

 

Explain all the Kshara Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation.

2 Hrs
21.  10. Miscellaneous

Mandura, Bola, Dam-ulAkhawayan (Raktabandhini), Kasturi, Bhoonag, Mayurpiccha, Sarjarasa, Madhoocchishta.

 

Explain all points. Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,

PosterPresentation.

2 Hrs
22.  11. Visha and Upavisha

Introduction, collection and storage, classification, synonyms, shodhana, antidote, therapeutic and toxic doses, anupan, therapeutic uses, and formulations of following Visha and Upavisha-Vatsanabha, Kuchala, Jayapala, Dhattura, Bhanga, Bhallataka, Gunja, Arka, Snuhi. Langali, Karaveera, Ahiphena and Chitrakmool.

 

Explain all the Visha. Shloka, And identification Will be explained along with other points. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,PosterPresentation. 4 Hrs
23.  12. Aushadhi Yoga Gyanam- ingredients, manufacturing process, and bheshajprayogvidhi. ArogyaVardhiniGutika, Kasturibhairava Rasa, Kumara Kalyana Rasa, GarbhapalaRasa, ChandraprabhaVati, Chandramrita Rasa, Pratapalankeshwara Rasa, Pravalapanchamrita Rasa, Anandbhairava Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Laxmivilas Rasa, Vasantakusumakara, Vasantamalati Rasa, BrihatVataChintamani Rasa, Shankhavati, Shwaskuthara Rasa, Hinguleswara Rasa, Hemagarbhapottali, Hridyarnava Rasa, Swarnavanga, Makaradhwaja, PutapakwavaishamJwarantakaLoha, Vatvidhvamsan Rasa, Kamadugha Rasa, Laghusutshekhar Rasa, NavayasaLoha, SaptamritaLoha, TamraParpati, PanchamritaParpati, Sveta Parpati.

 

Explain Ingredient, Thereputic Dose, Uses etc. Clinical aspect also explained. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,

GroupDiscussion.

8 Hrs
24.  13. Introduction to pharamcovigilance and its status in India, with reference to Ayurvedic drugs.

A) Necessary to know – From part A and B : S. No. 1 to 9 B) Desired to know – From part B : S. No. 10

Know The importance of Pharmacovigilance. Explain importance of vigilance. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,

Group Discussion.

2 Hrs
25.  1. History and Chronological (kramikavikasa) development of Bhaishajyakalpana. Concept of Aushadha and Bheshaja.

 

Explain Chronological Evaluation Explain Importance of the topic. Didactic, SIS,PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 3 Hrs
26.  2. Fundamental principles of BhaishajyaKalpana. Explain the basic principle Concept Behind Basic principle. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion. 2Hrs
27.  3. Study of Ancient and Contemporary systems of ‘Maana’ (Units of measurement), Shushka -ardra –drava- dravyagrahanniyam (Rules of measures of dry, fresh, liquid drugs); Grahyagrahyatva, Nava Purandravyagrahanniyam. Mana Paribhasa Explain Classical And Modern View Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion

,PosterPresentation.

4 Hrs
28.  4. Guidelines and Methods of collection, storage, preservation of Aushadhidravya. Concept of Saviryatavadhi (shelf life) and stability in ancient and contemporary science. Explain about Methods of collection, storage, preservation of Aushadhidravya. Concept of Saviryatavadhi (shelf life) and stability in ancient and contemporary science. Explain Modern Techniqes also. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,

GroupDiscussion,Field Visits/Industrial Visits.

3 Hrs
29.  5. Bheshajprayogavidhi :AushadhaMatra, Anupana and sahapan and Aushadhsevankaala. (Posology). Uses of Rasosadhi Explain Clinical Aspect also. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 3 Hrs
30.  6. Panchavidhakashayakalpana and Other kalpana : Kashaya Yoni, Swarasa, Kalka, Kwatha, Hima and Phanta, Pramathya, Aushadha siddha paniya, Tandulodaka, Laksha rasa, Mantha, Panaka, Arka, Churna, Rasakriya, Ghana, Phanita, Avaleha, Prasha, Gudapaka, Sharkara, Syrups, Ksheerapaka, Satva, Guggulukalpana, Vati, Guti, Pinda, Modaka, Varti Preparation of Tablets, pills, capsule and Suppositories. Masikalpana, Lavanakalpana, Ksharakalpana and Kshara sutra. Explain Primary and Secondary Kalpana.  Conduct Theory and practical’s Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,PosterPresentation. 15 Hrs
31.  7. Introduction and general knowledge of useful instruments/ Equipments –Disintegrator, Mixer, Grinder, End Runner, Edge Runner, Sieve-Shaker, Granulator, Tableting machine, Pill making machines, coating and polishing pan, capsule filling machine, sieves and mesh. Explain Machine used in Pharmacy. Theory and demo of Machines Should be explained. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,Tutorials,Field Visits/Industrial Visits. 5 Hrs
32.  8. Snehakalpana :Sneha yoni, Types of Sneha, Snehamurchanavidhi, Snehapakavidhi, patrapaka, types and their use. Sneha siddhi lakshana, dose, Preparation and uses of TriphalaGhrita, Bramhighrita, Narayana taila, Anutaila. Detail explanation of snehaKalpana Theory and practicals Conduction. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 5 Hrs
33.  9. SandhanaKalpana and its types: MadyaKalpana, Asava, Arishta, Sura (Prasanna – Kadambari – Medaka – Jagala – Bakkasa), Maireya, Surasava, Shukta, Kanjika, Sauviraka, Tushodaka, Sidhu kalpana their methods of preparation, siddhi lakshana, properties, uses, doses. Takrarishta, Draksharishta, Ashokarishta, Dashamoolarishta, Kumaryasava, Chandanasava. Able to explain Method of Preparation,Uses , Dose, Explanation etc. Explain clinical Aspect also. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 5 Hrs
34.  10. Kritanna and AushadhisiddhaannaKalpana: Definition of Kritanna, Concept of Pathya and Apathya, Yavagu –types of yavagu, Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Anna, Bhakta, Odan, Yush -types, Krishara, Mansa rasa, Vesavara, KhadKamblika, Raga, Shadava, Dadhi and TakraVarga – Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhachika. Explain Kritanna and AushadhisiddhaannaKalpana Explain clinical Aspect also. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 5 Hrs
35.  1. Bahyopachararthakalpana (External Applications)Lepa-Types of Lepa, methods of preparation and mode of application. Udvartan and Avachurnan, Method of preparation of SikthaTaila, Malahara – SarjarasaMalahara, GandhakMalahara, Upanaha, Atasiupanaha, Shatadhouta and SahastradhoutaGhrita. Brief introduction of semi solid dosage forms- Ointments, Creams, Emulsions, Gels, Lotions. Explain Bahyopachararthakalpana Demonstrate Method of Preparation. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 5Hrs
36.  2. Principles and precautions for preparation of formulations for following:
37.  2.1 Netraupachararthakalpana (Opthalmic preparations)

Seka, Drava, Pindi, Anjana – Ashchyotana – Tarpana – Putapaka and Vidalaka, Methods of preparation of eye drops, eye ointments.

Explain Netraupachararthakalpana (Opthalmic preparations)

 

Demonstrate Method of Preparation. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 3Hrs.
38.  2.2 NasyopachararthKalpana

Classification of Nasya, Navana, Avapidana, Pradhaman, Marsha and Pratimarshanasya.

Explain NasyopachararthKalpana

 

Demonstrate Method of Preparation. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 3Hrs.
39.  2.3 Dhumapanarthkalpana

Classification of dhumpaan, Method of preparation of dhumvarti and it’s therapeutic uses. Dhupan: Vranadhupan, arshodhupan.

Explain Dhumapanarthkalpana

 

Demonstrate Method of Preparation. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 3Hrs.
40.  2.4 Mukhaprayogarthkalpana

Gandoosha – Kavala – Pratisaran, Tooth paste, Tooth powders and Mouth wash.

Explain Mukhaprayogarthkalpana

 

Demonstrate Method of Preparation. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,Group Discussion. 3Hrs.
41.  2.5 Bastikalpana

Classification, Method of preparation of Niruha and Anuvasana, Basti Therapeutic properties and uses of Basti.

 

Explain Bastikalpana

 

Demonstrate Method of Preparation. Didactic, SIS, PBL,Students Seminar Group

Discussion.

3Hrs.
42.  3. Brief knowledge of Standardization of Ayurvedic formulations- Kasthaushadhi. Explain Standardization Techniqes. Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,GroupDiscussion,Tutorials,

Field Visits/Industrial Visit.

10Hrs.
43.  4. Brief introduction of Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945.

 

Explain Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945.

 

Didactic, SIS,

BL,StudentsSeminar,TeachersSeminar,Group

Discussion,

10Hrs.
44.  5. Concept of, AushadhiNirmanshala, with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in accordance to Schedule T. Explain Concept of, AushadhiNirmanshala, with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in accordance to Schedule T.

 

Didactic, SIS, PBL,StudentsSeminar,

GroupDiscussion,Field Visit.

10Hrs.


 Reference Books

  1. Adyatan Rasa Shastra R.K. Goyal
  2. Abhinav Rasa Shastra Vaidya Somadev Sharma
  3. Asava Arishta Vigyanam Dr. Pakshdhar Jha
  4. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra (Sachitra) Chandrabhusan Jha
  5. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra Badrinarayan Pandey
  6. Rasa Bhaishajya Paribhasa Sureshananda Thapaliyal
  7. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra Prof. Siddhi Nandan Mishra
  8. Ayurved Prakash Vaidya Gujrat Mishra
  9. Drugs and Cosmetic Act – 1940
  10. Paka Darpana Dr. Indradev Tripathi
  11. The Paka-darpana of King Nala Dr. Madhulika critical study
  12. Parada Vigyaniyam Vasudev M. Dwivedi
  13. Pratyaksha Aushadh Nirmanam Acharya VishwanathDwivdei
  14. Bhaishjyakalpana Vigyanam Dr. Agnihotri
  15. Rasa Tarangini Sadanand Sharma
  16. Rasa Darpan Prof. Bhajan Das Swami
  17. Rasa Bindu Dr. Sanjay Sharma
  18. Rasa Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyan Vaidya Santosh Kumar Khandal
  19. Rasa Mitra Dr. Tryambak Nath Sharma
  20. Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya (Hindi) Dattattreya Ananta Kulkarni.
  21. Rasaratna samuchchaya- Ambikadatta shastri
  22. 24.Rasaratna samuchchaya – Damodar Joshi
  1. Rasayan Sara Vaidya Shyam Sunderacharya Vaishya
  2. Rasendra Sampradaya Vaidya Hajari Lal Sukul
  3. Rasendra Sara Sangraha Vaidya Gopal Krishna
  4. Vaidyak Paribhasha Pradeep (Hindi Translation) Dr. Indradev Tripathi
  5. Sharangadhara Samhita Dr. Radhakrishna Parashar
  6. Bharatiya Bhaishajya Kalpana Vigyana Gananath Vishwanath Dwivedi
  7. Bhaishajya Kalpana Vijnanam Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy
  8. Rasa Shastra (English) Prof. Damodar Joshi
  9. Rasa Ratna Samuchchaya (English) Prof. Damodar Joshi
  10. Rasendra Chintamani (Hindi) Prof. Siddhinandan Mishra
  11. Ayurvedic formulary of India
  12. 38.Ayurvedic Pharmacopiea of India , CCRAS
  1. Bhaishjya Kalpana Vigyan Siddhi Nandan Mishra
  2. Textbook of Rasashasra Dr. K Ramachandra Reddy.
  3. Ashadhayoga Vigyanam Dr. K. Ramachandra reddy
  4. Vaidyaka Paribhasha Pradipa (Enlgish Translation) Dr. K. Ramachndra Reddy & Dr. P. Suresh
  1. Relevant parts of Brihatrayee
  2. Text book of Bhaishjya Kalpana – Dr Shobha G Hiremath
  3. Text Book of Rasa Shastra Dr P H C Murthy
  1. Rasa Chandashu Prof S S Savirkar (CCRAS Publication)
  2. Bhaishjya Ratnawali Prof S N Mishra
  3. Yoga Ratnakar

Note:

Theory 2 Papers – 200marks(100 each)

Lecture Hours – 200