Syllabus | First Year | Kriya Sharir (PHYSIOLOGY)

Sl.No Topic DOMAIN Time
  AYURVEDIC PART –PAPER I
1. 1. Conceptual study of fundamental principles of Ayurvediya Kriya Sharir

e.g – Panchamahabhuta, Tridosha, Triguna, Loka-Purusha Samya, Samanya-Vishesha. Description of basics of Srotas.

 

 

Must know

3 hours

 

2.  

2. Definition and synonyms of the terms:

 

Sharir, definition and synonyms of term Kriya, description of Sharir Dosha and Manasa Dosha.

Mutual relationship between Triguna- Tridosha & Panchmahabhuta.

Difference between Shaarir and Sharir.

Description of the components of Purusha and classification of Purusha, role of Shatdhatupurusha in Kriya Sharira and Chikitsa.

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

4 hours

 

 

3.  

3. Dosha-

 

General description of Tridosha.

 

Inter relationship between Ritu-Dosha-Rasa-Guna.

 

Biological rhythms of Tridosha on the basis of day-night-age-season and food intake.

 

Role of Dosha in the formation of Prakriti of an individual and in maintaining of health.

 

Prakrita and Vaikrita Dosha.

 

Must Know  

 

 

4 hours

 4.  

4. Vata Dosha:

 

Vyutpatti (derivation), Nirukti (etymology) of the term Vata, general locations, general properties and general functions of Vata, five types of Vata (Prana, Udana, Samana, Vyana, Apana) with their specific locations, specific properties, and

Respiratory Physiology in Ayurveda, Physiology of speech in Ayurveda..

 

 

 

Must Know

 

6 hours

 

 

 

 

 5.  

5. Pitta Dosha:

 

Vyutpatti, Nirukti of the term Pitta, general locations, general properties and general functions of Pitta, five types of Pitta (Pachaka, Ranjaka, Alochaka, Bhrajaka, Sadhaka) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions. Similarities and differences between Agni and Pitta.

 

Must Know  

 

6 hours

 

 

 6.  

6. Kapha Dosha:

 

Vyutpatti, Nirukti of the term Kapha, general locations, general properties and general functions of Kapha, five types of Kapha (Bodhaka, Avalambaka, Kledaka, Tarpaka, Śleshaka ) with their specific locations, specific properties, and specific functions.

 

Must Know  

 

4 hours

 

 7.  

7. Etiological factors

responsible for:

 

Dosha Vriddhi, Dosha Kshaya and their manifestations

 

Nice to know  

 

2 hours

 8.  

8. Concept of Kriyakala.

 

Must Know  

3 hours

 

 

 9.  

9. Prakriti:

 

a)    Deha- Prakriti: Vyutpatti, Nirukti, various definitions and synonyms for the term „Prakriti‟.

Intra-uterine and extra-uterine factors influencing Deha-Prakriti, classification and characteristic features of each kind of Deha-Prakriti.

 

b) Manasa- Prakriti: Introduction and types of Manasa- Prakriti.

 

 

 

Must Know  

 

 

5 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 10.  

10. Ahara:

 

Definition, classification and significance of Ahara,

 

Ahara-vidhi-vidhana,

 

Ashta Aharavidhi Viseshayatana,

 

Ahara Parinamkar Bhava.

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

5 hours

 

 

 11.  

11. Aharapaka (Process of digestion):

 

Description of Annavaha Srotas and their Mula. Role of Grahani & Pittadhara Kala.

 

Nice to know  

 

 

3 hours

 

 12.  

12. Description of Avasthapaka (Madhura, Amla and Katu).

 

Description of Nishthapaka (Vipaka) and its classification.

Separation of Sara and Kitta. Absorption of Sara.

Genesis of Vata-Pitta-Kapha during Aharapaka process.

 

Definition of the term Koshtha. Classification of Koshtha and the characteristics of each type of Koshtha.

 

Nice to know  

 

5 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 13.  

13. Agni –

 

Definition and importance, synonyms, classification, location, properties and functions of Agni and functions of Jatharagni, Bhutagni, and Dhatvagni.

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

5 hours

 

 

 

 

  MODERN PHYSIOLOGY-PAPER I
14.  

a)    Definition and mechanisms of maintenance of homeostasis.

 

Cell physiology. Membrane physiology.

 

Transportation of various substances across cell membrane.

 

b) Resting membrane potential and action potential.

 

Desirable to Know  

 

3 hours

 

 

 

 

 

2 hours

 

 

 

15.  

c) Physiology of respiratory system:

 

functional anatomy of respiratory system.

 

Definition of ventilation, mechanism of respiration, exchange and transport of gases, neural and chemical control of respiration, artificial respiration, asphyxia, hypoxia.

 

Introduction to Pulmonary Function Tests.

 

Must Know  

 

6 hours

 

 

 

 

 

16.  

d) Physiology of Nervous System:

 

General introduction to nervous system, neurons, mechanism of propagation of nerve impulse, physiology of CNS, PNS, ANS;

 

physiology of sensory and motor nervous system,

 

Functions of different parts of brain and physiology of special senses, intelligence, memory, learning and motivation.

 

Physiology of sleep and dreams, EEG.

 

Physiology of speech and articulation.

Physiology of temperature regulation.

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

 

9 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17.  

e)GIT

 

Functional anatomy of gastro-intestinal tract, mechanism of secretion and composition of different digestive juices.

Functions of salivary glands, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine and large intestine in the process of digestion and absorption. Movements of the gut (deglutition, peristalsis, defecation) and their control. Enteric nervous system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

 

5 hours

 

 

 

 

18.  

f) Acid-base balance, water and electrolyte balance.

 

Study of basic components of food.

Digestion and metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.

 

Vitamins & Minerals- sources, daily requirement, functions, manifestations of hypo and hypervitaminosis

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

 

 

7 hours

 

 

  AYURVEDIC PART- PAPER II
 19.  

1. Dhatu:

Etymology, derivation, definition, general introduction of term Dhatu, different theories related to Dhatuposhana (Dhatuposhana Nyaya)

Must Know  

5 hours

 

 

 

 20. 2. Rasa Dhatu:

Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Rasa-dhatu. Physiology of Rasavaha Srotas, Formation of Rasa Dhatu from Aahara Rasa, circulation of Rasa (Rasa-Samvahana), role of Vyana Vayu and Samana Vayu in Rasa Samvahana. Description of functioning of Hridaya. Ashtavidha Sara (8 types of Sara), characteristics of Tvakasara Purusha, conceptual study of mutual interdependence (Aashraya-Aashrayi Bhaava) and its relation to Rasa and Kapha. Manifestations of kshaya and Vriddhi of Rasa.

Must Know  

5 hours

 21. 3. Rakta Dhatu:

Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties, functions and Praman of Rakta Dhatu. Panchabhautikatva of Rakta Dhatu, physiology of Raktavaha Srotas, formation of Raktadhatu, Ranjana of Rasa by Ranjaka Pitta, features of Shuddha Rakta, specific functions of Rakta, characteristics of Raktasara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Raktadhatu, mutual interdependence of Rakta and Pitta.

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

8 hours

 

 

 

 

22. 4. Mamsa Dhatu :

 Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties and functions of Mamsa Dhatu, physiology of Mamsavaha Srotasa, formation of Mamsa Dhatu, characteristics of Mamsasara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Mamsa Dhatu .Concept of Peshi.

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

1 hour

5. Meda Dhatu :

 Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Meda Dhatu, physiology of Medovaha Srotas, formation of Medo Dhatu, characteristics of Medasara Purusha and manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Meda.

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

1 hour

 

23. 6. Asthi Dhatu:

 Etymology, derivation, synonyms, location, properties, functions of Asthi Dhatu. Number of Asthi. Physiology of Asthivaha Srotas and formation of Asthi Dhatu, characteristics of Asthisara Purusha, mutual interdependence of Vata and Asthi Dhatu, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Asthi Dhatu.

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

1 hour

 

 

24. 7. Majja Dhatu :

 Etymology, derivation, types, location, properties, functions and Praman of Majjaa Dhatu, physiology of Majjavaha Srotas, formation of Majja Dhatu, characteristics of Majja Sara Purusha, relation of Kapha, Pitta, Rakta and Majja, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Majja Dhatu.

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

1 hour

 

 

25. 8. Shukra Dhatu:

 Etymology, derivation, location, properties, functions and Praman of Shukra Dhatu, physiology of Shukraravaha Srotas and formation of Shukra Dhatu. Features of Shuddha Shukra, characteristics of Shukra-Sara Purusha, manifestations of Kshaya and Vriddhi of Shukra Dhatu.

 

Must Know

 

 

1 hour

 

 

27.  

9. Concept of Ashraya-Ashrayi bhava i.e. inter-relationship among Dosha, Dhatu Mala and Srotas.

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

1 hour

28.  

10. Ojas:

 

Etymological derivation, definition, formation, location, properties, Praman, classification and functions of Ojas. Description of Vyadhikshamatva.

 

 

Bala Vriddhikara Bhava. Classification of Bala. Etiological factors and manifestations of Ojavisramsa, Vyapat and Kshaya.

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 hours

 

 

 

29. 11. Upadhatu:

General introduction, etymological derivation and definition of the term Upadhatu. Formation, nourishment, properties, location and functions of each Upadhatu.

a) Stanya: Characteristic features and methods of assessing Shuddha and Dushita Stanya, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Stanya.

b) Artava: Characteristic features of Shuddha and Dushita Artava. Differences between Raja and Artava, physiology of Artavavaha Srotas.

c) Tvak: classification, thickness of each layer and functions.

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

7 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

30.  

12. Mala:

Etymological derivation and definition of the term Mala. Aharamala: Enumeration and description of the process of formation of Aharamala.

a) Purisha: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, properties, quantity and functions of Purisha. Physiology of Purishavaha Srotas, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshhaya of Purisha.

b) Mutra: Etymological derivation, definition, formation, properties, quantity and functions of Mutra. Physiology of Mutravaha Srotas, physiology of urine formation in Ayurveda, manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshhaya of Mutra.

c) Sveda: Etymological derivation, definition, formation and functions of Sveda. Manifestations of Vriddhi and Kshaya of Sveda. Discription of Svedvaha Strotas

d) Dhatumala: Brief description of each type of Dhatumala

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

 

3 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31.  

13. Panchagyanendriya: Physiological description of Panchagyaanendriya and physiology of perception of Shabda, Sparsha, Rupa, Rasa and Gandha. Physiological description of Karmendriya.

 

 

Must Know

 

 

6 hours

 

32.  

14. Manas:

 Etymological derivation, definition, synonyms, location, properties, functions and objects of Manas. Physiology of Manovaha Srotas.

 

 

 

Desirable to Know

 

1 hour

 

33.  

15. Atma: Etymological derivation, definition, properties of Atma. Difference between Paramatma and Jivatma; Characteristic features of existence of Atma in living body.

 

 

 

 

Good to know

 

 

 

 

1 hour

34.  16. Nidra:

 Nidrotpatti, types of Nidra, physiological and clinical significance of Nidra; Svapnotpatti and types of Svapna

 

 

 

Must Know

3 hours
  MODERN PHYSIOLOGY-PAPER II
35.  

  1. Haemopoetic system –

composition, functions of blood and blood cells, Haemopoiesis (stages and development of RBCs, and WBCs and platelets), composition and functions of bone marrow, structure, types and functions of haemoglobin, mechanism of blood clotting, anticoagulants, physiological basis of blood groups, plasma proteins, introduction to anaemia and jaundice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

9 hours

 

 

 

 

 36.  

  1. Immunity,

 

classification of immunity: Innate, acquired and artificial. Different mechanisms involved in immunity: Humoral (B-cell mediated) and T-Cell mediated immunity. Hypersensitivity

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

6 hours

 

 

 

 

 37.  

  1. Muscle physiology –

 

comparison of physiology of skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles and smooth muscles. Physiology of muscle contraction.

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

 

2 hours

 

 

 38.  

  1. Physiology of cardio-vascular system:

 

Functional anatomy of cardiovascular system. Cardiac cycle. Heart sounds. Regulation of cardiac output and venous return. Physiological basis of ECG. Heart-rate and its regulation. Arterial pulse. Systemic arterial blood pressure and its control.

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

 

7 hours

 

 

 

 

 

 39.  

5. Adipose tissue, lipoproteins like VLDL, LDL and HDL triglycerides.

 

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

2 hours

 

 40.  

6. Functions of skin, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

2 hours

 

 41.  

7. Physiology of male and female reproductive systems. Description of ovulation, spermatogenesis, oogenesis, menstrual cycle.

 

 

 

Must Know

 

3 hours

 42.  

8. Physiology of Excretion – functional anatomy of urinary tract, functions of kidney. Mechanism of formation of urine, control of micturition. Formation of faeces and mechanism of defecation.

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

4 hours

 

 

 43.  

9. Endocrine glands General introduction to endocrine system, classification and characteristics of hormones, physiology of all endocrine glands, their functions and their effects.

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

9 hours

  PRACTICALS
44.  Ayurvedic practical

1. Assessment of Prakriti

2. Assessment of Dosha (Features of Vriddhi- Kshaya

3. Assessment of Dhatu (Features of Vriddhi- Kshaya)

4. Assessment of Agni

5. Assessment of Koshtha

6. Assessment of Sara

7. Nadi pariksha

 

 

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 hours

 

45.  Modern physiology practical

 

1.    Introduction to laboratory instruments- Simple & Compound Microscope, Scalp vein set, bulbs for blood collection, Sahli‟s Haemometer, Haemocytometer, pipettes, Urinometer, Albuminometer, Stethoscope, B.P. Apparatus, Harpenden‟s caliper, Clinical Hammer, Tuning Fork, Stop Watch, Thermometer, Centrifuge machine, ECG Machine

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

34 hours

 

 

 

 

 

46.  

2. Collection of blood sample – prick, vene-puncture method, use of anticoagulants

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

6 hours

47.  

3. Preparation of blood smear and staining

 

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

8 hours

 

48.  

4. Estimation of Hemoglobin

 

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

6 hours

49.  

5. Microscopic examination of blood

a. Total RBC count

b. Total WBC count

c. Differential leucocyte count

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

22 hours

50. 6. Packed cell volume (PCV) demonstration  

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

2 hours

51.  

7. ESR demonstration

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

4 hours

52.  

8. Bleeding time, Clotting time

 

 

9. Blood grouping and Rh typing

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

12 hours

53.  

10. Examination of Cardio-Vascular system

a. Pulse examination

b. Arterial blood pressure measurement

c. Examination of heart sounds

d. ECG demonstration

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

 

16 hours

54. 11. Examination of Respiratory system

a. Respiratory rate

b. Breath sounds

c. Spirometry

 

 

 

 

Must Know

 

 

 

 

16 hours

55. 12. Examination of Nervous System- Sensory & Motor.  

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

20 hours

 

56. 13. Urine examination –Physical examination, chemical examination. Test for normal constituents of urine. Detection of specific gravity and reaction of urine.  

 

Must Know

 

 

22 hours
Admission 2017