Syllabus | Padartha Vigyanam Evum Ayurved Ithihas

1.1 Padartha Vigyanam Evum Ayurved Ithihas

Unit No Topic Domain Time (Hours)
1. Ayurveda Nirupanam

1.1 Lakshana of Ayu, composition of Ayu.

1.2 Lakshana of Ayurveda.

1.3 Lakshana and classification of Siddhanta.

1.4 Introduction to basic principles of Ayurveda and their significance.

Must know 7
2. Darshana

2.1 Philosophical background of fundamentals of Ayurveda.

2.2 Etymological derivation of the word “Darshana”. Classification and general introduction to schools of Indian Philosophy with an emphasis on: Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Sankhya and Yoga.

2.3 Ayurveda as unique and independent school of thought (philosophical individuality of Ayurveda).

2.4 Padartha: Lakshana, enumeration and classification, Bhava and Abhava padartha, Padartha according to Charaka (Karana-Padartha).

 

Desirable to Know

 

Must know

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

Must know

12
3. Dravya

3.1 Dravya: Lakshana, classification and enumeration.

3.2 Panchabhuta: Various theories regarding the creation (theories of Taittiriyopanishad, Nyaya-Vaisheshika, Sankhya-Yoga, Sankaracharya, Charaka and Susruta), Lakshana and qualities of each Bhoota.

3.3 Kaala: Etymological derivation, Lakshana and division / units, significance in Ayurveda.  3.4 Dik: Lakshana and division, significance in Ayurveda.

3.5 Atma:Lakshana, classification, seat, Gunas, Linga according to Charaka, the method / process of knowledge formation (atmanah jnasya pravrittih).

3.6 Purusha: as mentioned in Ayurveda – Ativahikapurusha/ Sukshmasharira/ Rashipurusha/ Chikitsapurusha/ Karmapurusha/ Shaddhatvatmakapurusha.

3.7 Manas:  Lakshana, synonyms, qualities, objects, functions, dual nature of mind (ubhayaatmakatvam), as a substratum of diseases, penta-elemental nature (panchabhutatmakatvam).

3.8 Role of Panchamahabhuta and Triguna in Dehaprakriti and Manasaprakriti respectively.

3.9 Tamas as the tenth Dravya.

3.10 Practical study/application in Ayurveda.

Must know

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31
4. Guna

4.1 Etymological derivation, classification and enumeration according to Nyaya- Vaisheshika and Charaka, Artha, Gurvadiguna, Paradiguna, Adhyatmaguna.

4.2 Lakshana and classification of all the 41 gunas.

4.3 Practical / clinical application in Ayurveda.

Must know

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

12
5. Karma

5.1 Lakshana, classification in Nyaya.

5.2 Description according to Ayurveda.

5.3 Practical study/ application in Ayurveda.

Must know 2
6. Samanya

6.1     Lakshana, classification.

6.2      Practical study/ application with reference to Dravya, Guna and Karma.

 

Must know 3
7. Visesha

7.1 Lakshana, classification.

7.2 Practical study/ application with reference to Dravya, Guna and Karma.

7.3 Significance of the statement “Pravrittirubhayasya tu”.

Must know 3
8. Samavaya

8.1   Lakshana

8.2    Practical study /clinical application in Ayurveda.

Must know 2
9. Abhava

9.1   Lakshana, classification

9.2   Clinical significances in Ayurveda.

Must know 3
10. Pariksha

 

1.1. Definition, significance, necessity and use of Pariksha.

1.2. Definition of Prama, Prameya, Pramata, Pramana.

1.3. Significance and importance of Pramana, Enumeration of Pramana according to different schools of philosophy.

1.4. Four types of methods for examination in Ayurveda Chaturvidha-Parikshavidhi), Pramana in Ayurveda.

1.5. Subsudation of different Pramanas under three Pramanas.

1.6. Practical application of methods of examination (Parikshavidhi) in treatment (Chikitsa).

Must know 10
11. Aptopadesha

2.1. Lakshana of Aptopadesha, Lakshana of Apta.

2.2. Lakshana of Shabda, and its types.

2.3. Shabdavritti-Abhidha, Lakshana, Vyanjana and Tatparyakhya. Shaktigrahahetu.

2.4. Vaakya: Characteristics, Vaakyarthagyanahetu- Aakanksha, Yogyata, Sannidhi.

 

Must know 5
12. Pratyaksha

3.1. Lakshana of Pratyaksha, types of Pratyaksha- Nirvikalpaka- Savikalpaka with description, description of Laukika and Alaukika types and their further classification.

3.2. Indriya-prapyakaritvam, six types of Sannikarsha.

3.3. Indriyanam lakshanam, classification and enumeration of Indriya. Description of Panchapanchaka, Penta-elemental nature of Indriya by Panchamahabhuta (Panchabhautikatwa of Indriya) and similarity in sources (Tulyayonitva) of Indriya.

3.4. Trayodasha Karana, dominance of Antahkaran.

3.5. Hindrances in direct perception (pratyaksha-anupalabdhikaaran), enhancement of direct perception (Pratyaksha) by various instruments/ equipments, necessity of other Pramanas in addition to Pratyaksha.

3.6. Practical study/ application of Pratyaksha in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research grounds.

 

Must know 8
13. Anumana

4.1. Lakshana of Anumana. Introduction of Anumiti, Paramarsha, Vyapti, Hetu, Sadhya, Paksha, Drishtanta. Types of Anumana mentioned by Charaka and Nyayadarshana.

4.2. Characteristic and types of Vyapti.

4.3. Lakshana and types of Hetu, description of Ahetu and Hetwabhasa.

4.4. Characteristic and significance of Tarka.

4.5. Practical study/ application of Anumanapramana in physiological, diagnostic, therapeutics and research.

Must to know

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

Must know

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

10
14. Yukti

5.1.  Lakshana and discussion.

5.2. Importance in Ayurveda.

5.3. Practical study and utility in therapeutics and research.

 

Must know 2
15. Upamana

6.1     Lakshana.

6.2     Application in therapeutics and research.

Must know 2
16. Karya karana sidhanta

7.1. Lakshana of Karya and Karana. Types of Karana.

7.2. Significance of Karya and Karana in Ayurveda.  7.3. Different opinions regarding the manifestation of Karya from Karana: Satkaryavada, Asatkaryavada, Parinamavada, Arambhavada, Paramanuvada, Vivartavada, Kshanabhangurvada, Swabhavavada, Pilupaka, Pitharpaka, Anekantavada, Swabhavoparamavada.

 

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

11
16. Ithihas  Derivation

Etymological derivation (Vyutpatti), syntactical derivation (Niruktti) and definition of the word Itihas, necessity of knowledge of history, its significance and utility, means and method of history, historical person (Vyakti), subject (Vishaya), time period (Kaal), happening (Ghatana) and their impact on Ayurveda.

Must know

 

1
17. Authors of classical Text

Introduction to the authors of classical texts during Samhitakaal and their contribution: Atreya, Dhanwantari, Kashyapa, Agnivesha, Sushruta, Bhela, Harita, Charaka,

Dridhabala, Vagbhata, Nagarjuna, Jivaka.

Must know 5
18. Commentators of Classical Samhitas

Introduction to the commentators of classical Samhitas – Bhattaraharicchandra, Jejjata, Chakrapani, Dalhana, Nishchalakara, Vijayarakshita, Gayadas, Arunadutta, Hemadri, Gangadhara, Yogindranath Sen, Haranachandra, Indu

Must know

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

4
19. Authors of Compendium

Introduction to the authors of compendiums (Granthasamgrahakaala) – Bhavmishra, Sharngadhara, Vrinda, Madhavakara, Shodhala, Govinda Das (Author of Bhaishajyaratnawali), Basavraja.

Must Know

 

 

 

Nice to know

3
20. Introduction of Authors of Modern Era

–        Gana Nath Sen, Yamini Bhushan Rai, Shankar Dajishastri Pade, Swami Lakshmiram, Yadavji Tikramji, Dr. P. M. Mehta, Ghanekar, Damodar Sharma Gaur, Priyavrat Sharma.

Must know 4
21. Globalization of Ayurveda

Expansion of Ayurveda in Misra (Egypt), Sri Lanka, Nepal other nations.

Must Know 1
a)Post independence period developmental activities in Ayurveda Nice to know

 

1
b) Establishment of different committees, their recommendations. Must know 2
c) Introduction to and activities of the following Organizations :- Department of AYUSH, Central Council of Indian Medicine, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia commission, National Medicinal Plants Board, Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) Must know

 

 

 

 

Nice to know

2
d) Introduction to the following National Institutions  National Institute of Ayurved, Jaipur.

IPGT&RA, Gujrat Ayurved University, Jamnagar.

Faculty of Ayurved, BHU, Varanasi.

Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeetha, New Delhi.

e) Drug and Cosmetic Act

Must know 1
Introduction to National & International Journals of Ayurveda Nice to know 1
Introduction to the activities of WHO Must know 2
  Total Teaching Hours 150
Admission 2017