Syllabus | Second Year | Dravyaguna Vighyan

Department of Dravyaguna Vijnana
(Pharmacology and Materia Medica )

Unit No Topic Domain Time (Hours)
1. Dravyaguna Shastra Paribhasa Lakshana of Sapta Padartha of Dravyaguna Vijnana viz

1.Dravya

2..Rasa

3.Guna

4. Virya

5.Vipaka

6.Prabhava and

7.Karma.

 

Must Know 2
2. Dravya:

1.Etymological derivation, definition, panchbhoutikatwa.

2.Classification of Dravya according to Samhitas and Nighantus Taxonomical classification.

Must Know

 

3
3. Guna:

Etymological derivation, definition and Classification of Guna. Detailed knowledge of

1.Gurvadi Guna

2.Paradi gunas.

Must Know 2
4. Rasa:

1.Etymological derivation, definition, Meaning of “Rasa” in various contexts.

2.Shad Rasas (Madhura, Amla, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, and Kashaya), Panchabhautik constitution of Rasas,

3.Nirvrittiviseshakrama (manifestation in general and particular) Ritu and shad rasa Rasanurasayoh bheda (Difference between rasa and anurasa),

Lakshana (characteristics),Guna and Karma of shad Rasas, Kopana and Shamana of Dosha and dushya by Shad rasas.

4.Effects of excess usage of Rasa. Rasopalabdhi, Rasaskandha.

Must Know 4
5. Vipaka:

1.Etymological derivation and definition, difference between Avasthapaka and Vipaka,

2.Types of Vipaka, (Dvividha-Trividha,Panchavidha) Guna and karma of Vipaka.

3.Grades of Vipaka (taratamya), Vipakopalabdhi hetu (Factors to determineVipaka).

 

Must Know 3
6. Veerya:

1.Etymological derivation, definition and Swarupa of Virya, 2.Number of Virya.

(Dwividha & Ashtavidha)

Panchabhauthikatva

3.Virya karmani (Effects of Virya), General principles in determination of virya along

With exceptions.

Must Know 2
7 Prabhava:

1.Definition, Effects of Prabhava.

 

Must Know 2
8. 1.Interrelation of Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava with respect to their strength (balabal nirupana).

2.Samanapratyayarabdha and Vichitrapratyayarabdha dravyas.

Nice to Know 1
9. Karma:

1.Lakshana, swaroopa and bheda of karma (Definition, nature and types of action).

2.Explanation of the following Karmas with examples:

 

1. Deepana 2. Pachana 3. Samshodhana
4. Samshamana 5. Anulomana 6. Sransana
7. Bhedana 8. Rechana 9. Chhedana
10. Lekhana 11. Grahi 12. Sthambhana
13. Madakari 14. Pramathi 15. Abhishyandi
16. Vyavayi 17. Vikashi 18. Rasayana
19. Vajeekarana 20. Jeevaneeya 21. Balya
22. Brimhana 23. Langhana 24. Medhya
Must Know 6
10. .1.Brief information on Karmas of dashemani gana of Charak Samhita. Must Know 10
11 Mishraka Gana:

11a)– Audbhida Gana (Vegetable origin) Brihatpanchamoola, Laghupanchamoola, Vallipanchamoola, Kantakapanchamoola, Trinapanchamoola,Madhyamapanchamoola, Jeevaneeya panchamoola, Panchapallava, Panchavalakala, Triphala, Trikatu,Trimada, Chaturusana, Panchakola, Shadusana, Chaturbeeja, Jeevaniya gana, Ashtavarga, Trijataka, Chaturajataka, Katuchaturjataka Panchatikta, Amlapanchaka, Chaturbhadra,Trikarshika, Swalpatriphala, Madhuratriphala, Mahavisha, Upavisha, Agrya aushadh varga- Knowledge of Agrayaaushadha Varga with example.

11 b.Jangama Gana (Animal origin) – Ksheerashtaka, Mutrashtaka, Pitta panchaka.

11c .Parthiva Gana (Mineral origin) – Lavana Panchaka, Kshara dvaya, Kshara Ashtaka.

Must Know 10
12 Basis of nomenclature:

Basis of nomenclature of dravya, Basis and Derivation of synonyms.

Nice to Know 1
13. Bheashaja Pariksha vidhi (as described in Charaka samhita vimana sthana 8),

Dravya Sangrahana (collection of dravya)-

Ecology-

1.Classification of desha (geographical area) and bhumi (soil), swarupa of sangrahaniya dravya of (Nature and quality of drug to be collected).

2.Sangrahana vidhi (Method of collection) -Vegetable and Animal origin drugs according to part used.

3.Period of collection according to virya, samrakshana vidhi (preservation of collected dravyas), bheshajagara (Storehouse), study on different prayojyanga (useful plant parts).

Must Know 4
14 a.Concept of dravya shodhan (purification of dravya),

b.Brief knowledge of Apamishran (adulterants)

c.Concept of Abhava pratinidhi dravya (substitutes)

Must Know 4
15. 1.Prashasta bheshaja (ideal drug), plant extracts.

2. Concept of viruddha Dravya

(incompatibility of the dravya).

Nice to Know 3
16. Introduction to Nighantu Vigyan –

1.Dhanwantari Nighantu,

2.Bhavaprakashanighantu,

3.Rajanighantu.

Must Know 6
17 Brief knowledge of cultivation, conservation of medicinal plants and information about endangered species. Nice to Know

 

3
18. Introduction, Definition & scope of Pharmacology and Principles of general Pharmacology.

Brief Knowledge about pharmacology of the following – 1.Anaesthetics, CNS depressants,

2.Antipyretics, Analgesics,

3.Antiplatelet, Hypolipidaemic,

4.Digestants, Carminatives, Laxatives,

5.Hepatoprotective, Antiinflammatory,

6.Antiobesity, Antidiabetic, Styptics,

7.Antihistamines, Antimicrobial,

8.Minerals,Water imbalance and IV fluids,

9.Sedatives, Hypnotics, Tranquilisers,

10Antihypertensive,

11.Haemopoetic, Coagulants,

12.Aerosols/ Inhalants, Expectorants

13.Antacids, Antiulcer,

14.Antidiarrhoeals, Antiemetic,

15.Diuretic, Antidiuretic,

16.Hormonal therapy

17.Antithyroid, Oxytocic.

18Contraceptives,

19.Galactagogues, Antibiotics,

20.Amoebicidal, Antifilarial,

21.Anthelmentic, Antifungal,

22.Vaccines,

23.Antivenom, antirabbies serum,

24.Anti cancer drugs

25.Immunomodulators.

26.Local anti septics,  Antiepileptics,

27.Vitamins, Bronchodialators,

28.Drugs in ophthalmic practice,

29.Antianginal, Lithotriptic,

30.Antimalarial,

Nice to Know 34

 

 

19 Detailed Knowledge of Following Dravya –

1- Detailed knowledge of following drugs with respect to Basonym of drug, Main Synonyms, Regional Name, Botanical Name, Family, Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut, External morphology, Useful parts, Important phytoconstituents, Rasa panchaka, Action on Dosha, Dhatu, Mala, Prayogarha vyadhi (therapeutic indications), Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic administration and Dose), Vishishta yoga (names of important formulations), Vishakta Lakshan (adverse effects), Chikitsopachara (remedial measures) and Shodhana (as required)

  1. Agaru,
  2. Haridradvaya,
  1. Patala,
  2. Pippali-Pippalimula,
  3. Amalaki,
  4. Jambu,
  5. Pushkarmoola,
  6. Aragvadha,
  7. Jeerakadvaya,
  8. Saireyaka,
  9. Arjuna,
  10.  Arkadvaya,
  11. Kantakari,
  12. Shalaparni,
  13. Shallaki,
  14. Bakuchi,
  15. Karpura,
  16. Katuki,
  17. Shigru,
  18. Bharangi,
  19. Bhrungaraj,
  20. Kumkum Kesara,
  21. Talisa Patra,
  22. Tila, Bilva,
  23. Brahmi,
  24. Lavanga,
  25. Tvak,
  26. Ushira,
  27. Chitraka,
  28. Dadima,
  29. Manjishtha,
  30. Varahi,
  31. Varuna,
  32. Durva,
  33. Nagakeshara,
  34. Nimba,
  35. Vidari,
  36. Gokshura,
  37. Guduchi,
  38. Parpata,
  39. Pashanabheda,
  40. Agnimantha,
  41. Haritaki
  42. Hingu,
  43. Punarnava,
  44. Jatiphal,
  45. Rasona,
  46. Ardraka-Sunti
  47. Arjuna
  48. Kalamegha
  49. Kampillaka,
  50. Sarivadvaya
  51. Sarpagandha,
  52. Asoka,
  53. Karkatakshringi,
  54. Shankhapushpi,
  55. Bhallataka,
  56. Kiratatikta,
  57. Shyonaka,
  58. Bibhitaka
  59. Bijak/ Vijaysar,
  60. Kushta
  61. Trivrut
  62. Tulasi,
  63. Bruhati
  64. Chandanadvaya,
  65. Lodhra
  66. Madanaphala,
  67. Vacha
  68. Varahi,
  69. Dhataki,
  70. Maricha
  71. Musta,
  72. Vasa
  73. Vatsanabha,
  74. Eranda
  75. Gambhari,
  76. Nirgundi
  77. Palasha,
  78. Yastimadhu
  79. Jatamansi,
  80. Yavani
  81. Guggulu,
  82. Ahiphena,
  83. Aragvadha,
  84. Rohitaka,
  85. Kanchanara,
  86. Ativisha,
  87. Shatavari,
  88. Kumari,
  89. Kutaja,
  90. Eladvayam,
  91. Vidanga,
  92. Prishniparni,
  93. Apamarga,
  94. .Kapikacchu,
  95. Shalmali
  96. Baladvayam,
  97. Khadira
  98. Ashvagandha
  99. Shirisha

100.                        Mandukaparni,

101.                      Rasna

  1. Devadaru
  2. Kupilu
Must Know 60
20 Brief Knowledge of following dravyas with Respect to Sanskrit Name, Botanical Name, Family, Habit (Samanya Swarupa), Parts Used and Indications.

  1. Agastya,
  2. Jati,
  3. Jayapala,
  4. Parasika
  5. Parijata,
  6. Amlavetasa,
  7. Amra,
  8. Kadamba,
  9. Kaidarya,
  10.  Parnayavani,
  11. Parpataka,
  12. Aparajita,
  13. Ashvagol,
  14. Kankola,
  15. Karanja,
  16.  Patha,
  17. Patola,
  18. Atasi,
  19. Avartaki,
  20. Karira,
  21. Pilu,
  22. Karpasa,
  23. Plaksha,
  24. Babbula,
  25. Prasarani,
  26. Badara,
  27. Kasha,
  28. Bakula,
  29. Kasni,
  30. Priyangu,
  31. Kataka,
  32. Puga,
  33. Bijapoora,
  34. Putiha,
  35. Bola,
  36. Kebuka,
  37. Chakramarda,
  38. Kharjura,
  39.  Rajika/Sarshapa
  40. Kitmari,
  41.  Rohitaka,
  42. Chandrashura
  43. Saptachakra,
  44.  Changeri,
  45. Koshataki,
  46. Chavya,
  47.  Kulatha,
  48.  Saral,
  49. Kumuda,
  50.  Sarja,
  51.  Chopachini,
  52. Shala,
  53. Danti,
  54. Kusmanda,
  55. Darbha,
  56. Lajjalu,
  57.  Sharapunkha,
  58. Langali,
  59.  Shatahwa
  60. , Dhanvayasa,
  61. Shati,
  62. Dhanyaka,
  63. Latakasturi,
  64. Draksha,
  65. Madayantika,
  66.  Sringataka,
  67. Mahanimba,
  68.  Svarnakshiri,
  69. Gandhaprasarini
  70. Tagara,
  71. Garjara,
  72. Markandika,
  73. Gojihva,
  74.  Masha,
  75.  Talmuli,
  76. Mashaparni,
  77. Taruni,
  78. Gunja,
  79. Tavakshira,
  80.  Hinsapa,
  81. Mayaphala,
  82. Hinstra,
  83.  Meshashrungi,
  84. Tuvaraka,
  85. Methika,
  86.  Udumbara,
  87.  Hrutpatri,
  88. Urana,
  89.  Ikshu,
  90. Mulaka,
  91. Indravaruni,
  92. Murva,
  93.  Vata,
  94. Nagabala,
  95. Vatada,
  96.  Irimeda,
  97. Vrudhadaru,
  98.  Ishvaku,
  99.  Narikela,
  100. Nili,
  101.  Japa,
  102. Ajamoda
  103. , Kakamachi,
  104. Parushaka
  105. Jeevanti,
  106. Parisha,
  107. Amragandhiharidra
  108. Ashvattha,
  109. Karavellaka,
  110. Patranga
  111. Avartani,
  112. Priyala,
  113. Kasamarda
  114. Bhumyamalki,
  115.  Katphala,
  116. Putranjivaka
  117. Champaka,
  118. Kokilaksha,
  119.  Saptaparna
  120. Chirbilva,
  121. Shara,
  122. Kusha
  123. Dattura,
  124. Latakaranja,
  125. Snuhi
  126. Dronapushpi,
  127. Mandukaparni,
  128. Tailaparni
  129. Gorakshaganja,
  130. Teja Patra,
  131. Matulunga
  132. Hribera,
  133. Mudgaparni,
  134. Vamsha
  135. Ingudi,
  136. Nala,
  137. Vrukshamla
  138. Padmaka
  139. Palandu,
  140. Akarkarabh,
  141. Yavani,
  142.  Kadali,
  143. Parnabija,
  144. Ankola,
  145. Kamala,
  146.  Patalagarudi,
  147. Karavira,
  148.  Asthishrunkhala,
  149. Isvari,
Must  to Know 35
21 Introduction, Guna, Karma and Uses of following Jantava Dravya

(Drugs of Animal Origin).

1. Kasturi

2. Gorochana

3. Mrigasringa

Must Know 2
22 Introductory Knowledge of Following Annapana Varga:

1. Jala Varga

2. Dugdha Varga

3. Madhu Varga 4. Taila Varga

5. Sukadhanya Varga

6.Shamidhanya Varga

7. Phala Varga 8. Shaka Varga

9. Mamsa Varga 10. Aharayogi

Nice to Know 3
23. A Study of  Macroscopic characters of  following plants and their useful parts.

i.  Kand ( Stem) –Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala

ii. Patra (Leaves ) – Vasa or Kumari

iii. Pushpa (Flowers and its parts )

iv. Phala ( Fruit) – Maricha or madanaphala or vidanga

v. Beeja ( Seeds)- Eranda or Kapicchhu

vi. Twak ( Bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwatta

vii. Moola ( Root) – Punarnava or chitraka.

viii. Niryasa ( Exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa.

ix. Jangama dravya – Madhu or gritha

Must Know 80
24 A Study of  Microscopic characters of  following plants and their useful parts.

i.                     Kand ( Stem) –Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala

ii.  Patra (Leaves ) – Vasa or Kumari

iii. Pushpa (Flowers and its parts )

iv. Phala ( Fruit) – Maricha or madanaphala or vidanga

v. Beeja ( Seeds)- Eranda or Kapicchhu

vi. Twak ( Bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or Ashwatta

vii. Moola ( Root) – Punarnava or chitraka.

viii. Niryasa ( Exudate) – Guggulu or Mocharasa.

Ix. Jangama dravya – Madhu or    gritha

Nice to Know 50
25  A Study of  Demonstration of organoleptic characteristics and grahya – Agrahyata of  following plants and their useful parts.

i. Kand ( Stem) –Guduchi or Ashtishrinkhala

ii.  Patra (Leaves ) – Vasa or Kumari

iii. Pushpa (Flowers and its parts )

iv. Phala ( Fruit) – Maricha or madanaphala or vidanga

v.  Beeja ( Seeds)- Eranda or Kapicchhu

vi. Twak ( Bark) – Kutaja or Arjuna or   Ashwatta

vii. Moola ( Root) – Punarnava or

chitraka.

viii. Niryasa ( Exudate) – Guggulu or

Mocharasa.

ix. Jangama dravya – Madhu or gritha

Must Know 25
26 1. Records of herbarium sheets of 50 medicinal plants .

2. Compulsory study tour other state for field knowledge and procurement of plant species

Must Know 20

25

Admission 2017