Syllabus | Second Year | RASASHATRA

Syllabus

Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana Department

S.No. Topic Time Domain
1. Definition and etymology of Rasa, History of Rasashastra, Importance of Rasaushadhi, Concept of Rasa-Rasayana, Concept of Raseshwar Darshana. Concept of Rasashala and Rasamandap.

 

5Hrs Must Know
2. Brief Description and Application of Technical terminologies (Paribhasha): Avapa, Nirvapa, Dhalana, Bhavana, Jarana, Murchana, Shodhana, Marana, Amrutikarana, Lohitikarana, Mruta Loha, Satwa Patana, Druti, Apunarbhava, Niruttha, Rekhapurna, Varitara.

 

5Hrs Must Know
3. Dravya Varga: Amlavarga, Panchamrittika, Panchagavya, Panchamrita, Ksharashtaka, Dravakagana, Mitra panchaka, Rakta varga, Lavanapanchaka.

 

4Hrs Desirable to Know
4. Brief description of Yantras and their application Ulukhala Yantra, Khalwa Yantra, Kachhapa Yantra, Damaru Yantra – Vidhyadhara Yantra- Urdhwapatan, Addhapatan & Tiryakpatana Yantra, Jaranartha Tulayantra, Dolayantra, Patalayantra, Palika Yantra, Baluka Yantra, Bhudhara Yantra, Sthali Yantra, Swedana Yantra.

 

4Hrs Desirable to Know
5. Brief description & application of Musha (Crucible): Samanya Musha, Gostani musha, Vajra Musha, Maha musha, Yoga musha, Vrintaka Musha, Malla / Pakwa musha. Different types of crucibles e.g. Silica crucible, platinum crucible. Mudra and Sandhi Bandhana.

 

4Hrs Desirable to Know
6. Brief description & applications of Chullika, Satwapatana Koshthi, Patala Kosthi, Gara Koshthi, Angarakoshthi and knowledge of various heating appliances viz. Gas stove, Hot plate, Heating mantle, Induction Stove, Hot Air Oven.

 

4Hrs Desirable to Know
7. Concept, definition and types of Puta: Suryaputa, Chandraputa, Gomayaputa, Lawakaputa, Kukkutaputa, Kapotaputa, Varahaputa, Gajaputa, Mahaputa, Kumbhaputa, Valukaputa, Bhudharaputa, Applications of Electric muffle furnace and fuel (diesel) dependent furnace. Brief introduction to thermocouple and pyrometer.

 

4Hrs Desirable to Know
8. Knowledge of Parada: Synonyms, Occurrence, natural and artificial sources of Parada, Hingulottha parada, Types of Parada, Parada Dosha: Naisargika, Yougika, Aupadhika (Kanchuka). Grahya-Agrahya Parada, Parada gati, Parada bandha, Shodhana of Parada. Parada sanskara and brief description of Ashtasamskara.

 

 

8Hrs Must Know
9. Concept of Murchhana and Jarana of Parada, Preparation of Kajjali, Classification of Rasaushadhi: Khalvi rasa e.g. Tribhuvana Keerti Rasa, Parpati Rasa- Rasa Parpati, Kupipakva Rasa- Rasa sindur, Pottali rasa – Hemagarbha pottali. Rasa sevana vidhi and pathya and apathya.

 

8Hrs Must Know
10.  

Brief introduction of quality control , standardization and GMP of Rasaoushadhies

 

4Hrs Nice to know
11. Occurrence, Synonyms, Minerological identification, Sources, Types, Grahya and Agrahyata, Shodhana, Marana and other processing techniques. Properties, dose, anupan and therapeutic uses, pathya – apathya and ashuddha, apakwa and avidhee sevanjanya dosha and its management, important formulations of the following:
12 Maharasa

Abhraka (Biotite Mica), Vaikrantha, Makshika (Chalco-pyrite), Vimala (Iron Pyrite), Shilajatu, Sasyaka (Peacock ore), Chapala and Rasaka (Sphalerite).

 

5 Hrs Must Know
13 Uparasa

Gandhaka (Sulfur), Gairika (Red Ochre), Kasisa (Green Vitriol), Kankshi (Alum), Haratala (Orpiment), Manahshila (Realgar), Anjana and Kankustha.

 

5 Hrs Must Know
14. Sadharana Rasa – Kampillaka, Gauri pashana (Arsenic oxide), Navasadara (Ammonium chloride), Kaparda (Cowry), Agnijara, Giri Sindura (Red oxide of Hg), Hingula (Red Cinnabar) and Mriddara shringa (Litharge).

 

5 Hrs Must Know
15 Dhatu

Swarna (Gold), Rajata (Silver), Tamra (Copper), Loha (Iron), Vanga (Tin), Naga (Lead), Yashada (Zinc), Kamsya (Bronze), Pittala (Brass), Vartaloha. Dhatu -graha sambandha.

 

5 Hrs Must Know
16 Ratna

Manikya (Ruby), Mukta (Pearl), Pravala (Coral), Tarkshya (Emerald), Pushparaga (Topaz), Vajra (Diamond), Nilam (Sapphire), Gomeda (Zircon or Cinnamone stone), Vaidurya (Cats eye). Ratnapariksha, Ratnadosha, Ratna-graha sambandha.

 

3Hrs Must Know
17 Uparatna-

Vaikranta (Tourmaline), Suryakanta (Sun stone), Chandrakanta (Moon st

one), Rajavarta (Lapis lazuli), Perojaka (Turquise), Sphatikamani (Quartz), Trinakanta, Palanka, Putika, Rudhir.

 

3Hrs Desirable to Know
18 Sudha varga

Sudha (Lime stone ), Kaparda (Cowries), Shukti (Oyster Shell) , Shankh (Conch Shell), Mriga shringa (Stag horn), Khatika, Godanti (Gypsum) and Samudraphena (Cattle Fish bone), Kukkutanda twak (Hen’s Egg Shell).

 

4 Hrs Must Know
19 Sikata varga

Sikata (Silica), Dugdhapashana (Talc), Nagapashana / Jaharmohara (Serpentine), Badarshama (silicate of lime ), Vyomashma (Sangeyashab – Jade), Kousheyashma (Asbestos) and Akika (Agate).

 

2 Hrs Desirable to Know
20 Kshara varga

Sarja kshara (Sodium bicarbonate), Yava kshara, Tankana kshara (Borax), Surya Kshara (Potassium Nitrate).

 

2 Hrs Desirable to Know
21. Miscellaneous

Mandura, Bola, Dam-ul Akhawayan (Raktabandhini), Kasturi, Bhoonag, Mayurpiccha, Sarjarasa, Madhoocchishta.

 

2 Hrs Desirable to Know
22. Visha and Upavisha

Introduction, collection and storage, classification, synonyms, shodhana, antidote, therapeutic and toxic doses, anupan, therapeutic uses, and formulations of following Visha and Upavisha-Vatsanabha, Kuchala, Jayapala, Dhattura, Bhanga, Bhallataka, Gunja, Arka, Snuhi. Langali, Karaveera, Ahiphena and Chitrakmool.

 

4 Hrs Desirable to Know
23. Aushadhi Yoga Gyanam- ingredients, manufacturing process, and bheshajprayogvidhi. Arogya Vardhini Gutika, Kasturibhairava Rasa, Kumara Kalyana Rasa, Garbhapala Rasa, Chandraprabha Vati, Chandramrita Rasa, Pratapalankeshwara Rasa, Pravalapanchamrita Rasa, Anandbhairava Rasa, Yogendra Rasa, Laxmivilas Rasa, Vasantakusumakara, Vasantamalati Rasa, Brihat Vata Chintamani Rasa, Shankha vati, Shwaskuthara Rasa, Hinguleswara Rasa, Hemagarbhapottali, Hridyarnava Rasa, Swarnavanga, Makaradhwaja, Putapakwavaisham Jwarantaka Loha, Vatvidhvamsan Rasa, Kamadugha Rasa, Laghusutshekhar Rasa, Navayasa Loha, Saptamrita Loha, Tamra Parpati, Panchamrita Parpati, Sveta Parpati.

 

8 Hrs Must Know
24. Introduction to pharamcovigilance and its status in India, with reference to Ayurvedic drugs.

A) Necessary to know – From part A and B : S. No. 1 to 9 B) Desired to know – From part B : S. No. 10

2 Hrs Nice to Know
25.  . History and Chronological (kramika vikasa) development of Bhaishajyakalpana. Concept of Aushadha and Bheshaja.

 

3 Hrs Desirable to Know
26.  . Fundamental principles of Bhaishajya Kalpana.

 

2Hrs Must Know
27. Study of Ancient and Contemporary systems of ‘Maana’ (Units of measurement), Shushka -ardra –drava- dravya grahan niyam (Rules of measures of dry, fresh, liquid drugs); Grahyagrahyatva, Nava Puran dravya grahan niyam.

 

4 Hrs Desirable to Know
28. Guidelines and Methods of collection, storage, preservation of Aushadhi dravya. Concept of Saviryatavadhi (shelf life) and stability in ancient and contemporary science.

 

3 Hrs Must know
29.  . Bheshajprayogavidhi : Aushadha Matra, Anupana and sahapan and Aushadh sevan kaala. (Posology).

 

3 Hrs Desirable to Know
30.  . Panchavidha kashaya kalpana and Other kalpana : Kashaya Yoni, Swarasa, Kalka, Kwatha, Hima and Phanta, Pramathya, Aushadha siddha paniya, Tandulodaka, Laksha rasa, Mantha, Panaka, Arka, Churna, Rasakriya, Ghana, Phanita, Avaleha, Prasha, Gudapaka, Sharkara, Syrups, Ksheerapaka, Satva, Guggulu kalpana, Vati, Guti, Pinda, Modaka, Varti Preparation of Tablets, pills, capsule and Suppositories. Masi kalpana, Lavana kalpana, Kshara kalpana and Kshara sutra.

 

15 Hrs Must Know
31.  . Introduction and general knowledge of useful instruments/ Equipments –Disintegrator, Mixer, Grinder, End Runner, Edge Runner, Sieve-Shaker, Granulator, Tableting machine, Pill making machines, coating and polishing pan, capsule filling machine, sieves and mesh.

 

5 Hrs Nice to Know
32. Sneha kalpana :Sneha yoni, Types of Sneha, Sneha murchana vidhi, Sneha paka vidhi, patra paka, types and their use. Sneha siddhi lakshana, dose, Preparation and uses of Triphala Ghrita, Bramhighrita, Narayana taila, Anutaila.

 

5 Hrs Must Know
33. Sandhana Kalpana and its types: Madya Kalpana, Asava, Arishta, Sura (Prasanna – Kadambari – Medaka – Jagala – Bakkasa), Maireya, Surasava, Shukta, Kanjika, Sauviraka, Tushodaka, Sidhu kalpana their methods of preparation, siddhi lakshana, properties, uses, doses. Takrarishta, Draksharishta, Ashokarishta, Dashamoolarishta, Kumaryasava, Chandanasava.

 

5 Hrs Must Know
34. Kritanna and Aushadhisiddha anna Kalpana: Definition of Kritanna, Concept of Pathya and Apathya, Yavagu –types of yavagu, Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Anna, Bhakta, Odan, Yush -types, Krishara, Mansa rasa, Vesavara, Khad Kamblika, Raga, Shadava, Dadhi and Takra Varga – Takra, Udasvita, Katvar, Mathita, Chhachika.

 

5 Hrs Must Know
35. Bahyopacharartha kalpana (External Applications)Lepa -Types of Lepa, methods of preparation and mode of application. Udvartan and Avachurnan, Method of preparation of Siktha Taila, Malahara – Sarjarasa Malahara, Gandhak Malahara, Upanaha, Atasi upanaha, Shatadhouta and Sahastradhouta Ghrita. Brief introduction of semi solid dosage forms- Ointments, Creams, Emulsions, Gels, Lotions.

 

 

 

5Hrs Must Know
36. Principles and precautions for preparation of formulations for following:

 

37. Netraupacharartha kalpana (Opthalmic preparations)

Seka, Drava, Pindi, Anjana – Ashchyotana – Tarpana – Putapaka and Vidalaka, Methods of preparation of eye drops, eye ointments.

 

3Hrs. Must Know
38. Nasyopachararth Kalpana

Classification of Nasya, Navana, Avapidana, Pradhaman, Marsha and Pratimarsha nasya.

 

3Hrs. Must Know
39. Dhumapanarth kalpana

Classification of dhumpaan, Method of preparation of dhumvarti and it’s therapeutic uses. Dhupan: Vranadhupan, arshodhupan.

 

3Hrs. Must Know
40. Mukhaprayogarth kalpana

Gandoosha – Kavala – Pratisaran, Tooth paste, Tooth powders and Mouth wash.

 

3Hrs. Must Know
41. Basti kalpana

Classification, Method of preparation of Niruha and Anuvasana, Basti Therapeutic properties and uses of Basti.

 

3Hrs. Must Know
42. Brief knowledge of Standardization of Ayurvedic formulations- Kasthaushadhi.

 

10Hrs. Nice to Know
43. Brief introduction of Drug and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945.

 

10Hrs. Desirable to Know
44. Concept of, Aushadhi Nirmanshala, with respect to Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in accordance to Schedule T.

 

10Hrs. Must Know

 

PRACTICALS

45.   
1. Rasa [Parada]  
  Samanya Shodhana of Parada Kajjali Mugdha rasa
10Hrs Desirable to Know
46.       2.  Maharasa varga

Shodhana of Abhraka Dhanyabhraka nirmana Shodhana of Makshika Shodhana of Shilajatu Shodhana of Sasyaka

10Hrs Must Know
47.   
3.Uparasavarga

Shodhana of Gandhaka,Shodhana of Gairika,Shodhana of Kasisa Shodhana of Kankshi, Shodhana of Haratala, Rasa manikya nirman ,

Shodana of Manashila

 

 

 

 

 

10Hrs Must Know
48.   
4.Sadharana rasa varga
Shodhana of Hingula, Sodhana of Navasadar, Shodhana of Kapardika
 
10Hrs Must Know
49. 5. Sudha Varga

Shodhana of Shankha Shodhana of Shukti Shodhana of Pravala mula Shodhana of Godanti

10Hrs Must Know
50.   
6. Dhatu varga

Samanya Shodhana of Lauha Shodhana of Mandura Samanya Shodhana of Tamra Shodhana of Naga Shodhana of Vanga Shodhana of Yashada

 

10Hrs Must Know
51.   
7. Kshara Varga
Shodhana of Tankana

 

 
8Hrs Must Know
52.   
8.Parpati
Preparation of Rasaparpati, Bola Parpati and Swetaparpati

 

 
10Hrs Must Know
53.   
9. Visha varga

 

Shodhana of Vatsanabha, Bhallataka, Kupilu, Dhattura beeja, Jayapala, Gunja, Chitrakamoola.

 

 
7Hrs Must Know
  PRACTICAL FOR DEMONSTRATION / GROUP PRACTICALS
54.  

1. Hingulad rasakrishti (Hingulottha Parada).

 

3Hrs Desirable to Know
55.  

2. Bhasma: 4 (One from each group)

i. Abhraka bhasma, Swarna Makshika bhasma, Tamra bhasma

ii. Vanga bhasma, Naga bhasma, Yashada bhasma

iii. Mandura bhasma, Kasisa bhasma

iv. Shankha bhasma, Kapardika bhasma, Godanti bhasma.

 

3Hrs Desirable to Know
56.  

3. Pishti : 1 Pravala pishti, Jaharmohara / Akika pishti,

Trina kantha mani pishti, Mukta pishti.

3Hrs Desirable to Know
57.  

4. Druti : 1 Gandhaka druti.

 

3Hrs Desirable to Know
58.  

5. Formulations 4 (one from each group)

i. Rasasindura, Swarna vanga, Sameer pannaga rasa

ii. Saptamruta lauha, Punarnava mandura, Navayasa lauha

iii. Agnitundi vati, Tribhuvana kirti rasa, Sootshekhara rasa,

Laghusutashekhara Rasa

iv. Arogyavardhini vati, Laghumalinivasanta rasa, Hinguleshwar rasa, Anandbhairav rasa, Rajapravartini vati

 

3Hrs Nice to Know
59.    Practical Bhaishajya Kalpana

Following practicals to be performed- (Minimum one from each category

60. Method of preparation, therapeutic uses, dose and anupana of the following

 

1. Swarasa- Ardraka swarasa, Tulasi swarasa, Kumari Swarasa, Vasa putapaka swarasa

 

 

2 Hrs

Must Know
61.  

2. Kalka- Nimba kalka, Rasona kalka.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
62.  

3. Kwatha- Punarnavasthaka kwatha, Rasna Sapthaka kwatha, Kulattha kwath.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
63.  

4. Hima- Dhanyaka hima, Sarivadi hima .

 

2 Hrs Must Know
64.  

5. Phanta- Panchakola phanta,Yastimadhu Phanta.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
65.  

6. Pramathya- Mustadi pramathya

 

2 Hrs Must Know
66.  

7. Mantha- Kharjuradi mantha

 

2 Hrs Must Know
67.  

8. Aushadh siddha paniya- Shadanga paniya

 

2 Hrs Must Know
68.  

9. Laksha Rasa.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
69.  

10. Arka – Yavani arka, Gulab arka, Misreya arka

 

2 Hrs Must Know
70.  

11. Panaka- Chincha panaka, Chandan panaka.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
71.  

12. Sharkara- Banapsha sharkara, Nimbu sarkara.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
72.  

13. Churna- Sitopaladi Churna, Hinguwashtaka Churna.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
73.  

14. Gutika- Chitrakadi Gutika, Sanjivani Vati.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
74.  

15. Guggulu-Triphala Guggulu, Kaishora Guggulu.

 

3Hrs. Must Know
75.  

16. Avaleha- Chyavanaprashavaleha, Vasavaleha, Vyaghri Haritaki avaleha, Manibadra

avaleha.

3 Hrs Must Know
76.  

17. Rasa kriya – Darvi Rasakriya, Guduchi Ghana, Kutaja Ghana.

 

2 Hrs Must Know
77.  

18. Khanda- Haridra khanda, Narikela khanda, Sowbhagya shunti paka

 

2 Hrs Must Know
78.    19. Satva- Amruta satva, 3Hrs. Must Know
79.    20. Varti- Phala varti, Chandrodaya varthi 2 Hrs Must Know
80.    21. Lavana- Arka lavana, Narikela lavana 3 Hrs. Must Know
81.    22. Masi- Triphala masi, Mayurpiccha Masi 3Hrs. Must Know
82.    23. Ksheerapaka- Arjuna ksheerapaka, Rasona ksheerapaka, Shunthi Ksheerpaka 2 Hrs Must Know
83.    24. Kshara- Apamarga kshara, Snuhi kshara, Ksharasutra. 2 Hrs Must Know
84.    25. Manda, Peya, Vilepi, Yavagu, Krishra, Vesavara 2 Hrs Must Know
85.    26. Yusha – Mudga yusha, Saptamushtika yusha, Kulattha yusha 2 Hrs Must Know
86.    27. Aristha- Kutajarishta, Takrarishta . 2 Hrs Desirable to Know
87.    28. Asava – Kumaryasava, Kanakasava 3 Hrs Desirable to Know
88.    29. Sukta kalpana- Kanji 2 Hrs Desirable to Know
89.    30. Udaka- Tandulodaka 2 Hrs Must Know
90.    31. Upanaha- Atasi Upanaha 2 Hrs Must Know
91.    32. Siktha Taila Nirmaan 2 Hrs Must Know
92.    33. Malahara- Sarjarasa malahara, Gandaka malahara, Cream, Emulsion.

Sneha Murchhana – Ghrita Murchana, Taila

 

2 Hrs Must Know
93.    34. Sneha Kalpana

Moorchhana, Ghrita kalpana: Jatyadi

ghrita, Triphala ghrita, ksheerashatphala ghrita- Taila kalpana-Panchaguna taila,Arka

taila, Bala taila,Jatyadi taila

3Hrs Must Know
94.    35. Taila patana- Bhallataka taila patana, Jayapala taila patina 3 hrs Must Know
95.    36. Shodhana- Guggulu, Hingu. 2 Hrs Must Know
96.    II. Visit of minimum three GMP approved Ayurvedic manufacturing units. 20 Hrs. Must Know
Admission 2017