Syllabus | Third Year | Swasthavritta

SWASTHAVRITTA

SYLLABUS 

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Domain Time
1.        1.Introduction

Definition of swastha&swasthya and swasthavritta. Arogyalakshana, swasthavrittaprayojanam, WHO definition of health.
Dimensions of health-Physical,Mental,Social.
Concept of wellbeing- objective, subjective, standard of living, quality of life.

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

5 hrs

2.        2. Dinacharya

1.      Definition of Dinacharya.

2.      Aims and importance of dinachary.

3.      Brahma MuhurtaevamUtthana.

4.      UshaJalapana.

5.      Sharirachinta.

6.      Malatyaga.

7.      Mukhaprakshalan.

8.      Dantadhavana and preparation of Ayurvedic tooth powder and paste.

9.      Jihvanirlekhanavidhi.

10.  Anjana.

11.  PratimarshaNasya.

12.  Gandusha and Kavala

13.  Tambulasevana

14.  Dhoomapana

15.  Abhyanga

16.  Udvartana

17.  Utsadana

18.  Vyayama

19.  Chankramana

20.  Snana

21.  Anulepana

22.  Vastradharana

23.  Dandadharana

24.  Padatradharana

25.  Chatradharana

26.  Ushnishadharana

27.  Ratnabharanadharana

28.  Madhyahnacharya

29.  Cosmetic effect of Dinacharya procedures

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

 

 

 

5hrs

3.        3.Rathricharya

  1. Sandhyacharya.
  2. Rathribhojanavidhi.
  3. Shayanavidhi according to Bhavamishra.

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

 

 

3hrs

4.        4.Ritucharya

  1. Importance of ritucharya.
  2. Ritu presentation as per different acharyas .
  3. Adana kala&visargakala.
  4. Sanchaya-Prakopa-Prashamana of Dosha according to ritu.
  5. Doshashodhana in RituCharya.
  6. Relation of Agni bala and Ritu.
  7. Pathya and ApathyaAhara and Vihara in different ritus.
    1. Ritusandhi
    2. Yamadamsthra
    3. Rituharitaki
    4. Rituviparyaya

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

 

 

 

 

5hrs

5.        Sadvritta

Description of Sadvritta and AcharaRasayana their role in Prevention and control of diseases.

 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

5hrs

6.  

Trayopastambha

(i)Ahara

Nirukti, Swarupa, Pramukhatva, AharadravyaVargikaranam, Aharavidhividhana, Dwadashashanapravicharana, Ashtaharvidhiviseshayatanani, Pathyahara, Apathyahara, Samashana, Adhyashana, Vishamashana, Aharadushparinama&tajjanyavyadhaya, SantarpanajanyaevamApatarpanajanyavyadhi, Viruddhahara and its effects, Shadrasabhojanasyamahatwam.
Dietetic standards, Proximate principles of Food, Nutritional requirements, Sources and deficiency diseases of Protein, Carbohydrate, Fat, Vitamins and Minerals.
Concept of balanced diet in Ayurveda, Nityasevaneeyadravya, Balanced diet for different sections of people in the society, Social aspects of nutrition. Aharavarga – Dhanyavarga(Cereals and millets), Shaka and Haritavarga (Leafy and Non leafy vegatables), Kanda varga (roots and tubers), Phalavarga (Fruits), Tailavarga(Fats and Oils), Ikshuvarga& Madhya varga(Alcoholic Beverages), Dugdhavarga (Milk and Milk products), Masala and vyanjanadravyas (Spices & Condiments), Kritannavarga(Prepared Food), Mamsavarga (Meat types).
Food hygiene
Milk hygiene-Milk composition, Source of infection (for Milk), Milk borne diseases, Clean and Safe milk, Pasteurization of milk.
Meat hygiene-Meat inspection, Slaughter house, Freshness of fish and egg. Fruits and Vegetables hygiene.
Sanitation of eating places, Preservation of food, Food handlers, Food borne diseases, Food fortification, and Food adulteration, Food toxicants, Properties of Vegetarian and Non- vegetarian diet, Effects of spices and condiments Consumption of Alcohol and its effects on personal and social health. Effects of pathya-apathya in life style disorders-Diabetes, Hypertension, Obesity and Coronary heart Disease.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

 

 

 

 

5hrs

7.         (ii)Nidra

Nirukti and Utpatti, Types , Nidra – Swasthyasambandha, Properties of YuktaNidra, Effects of RatriJagarana, Diwaswapna, Anidra, Atinidra, Ahara and Vihara causing disturbed sleep , Ahara and Vihara Causing sound sleep. Duration of sleep according to age, Sleep in healthy and diseased persons.

Desirable to Know  

 

5hrs

8.         (iii) Brahmacharya

Brahmacharya and Abrahmacharya, Importance of Bharmacharya and Abrahmacharya, Vyavayasambandhiniyama, Effects of Ativyavaya. Methods of ViryaRaksha, Surataspriha(Libido) through Vajikarana, Viryanasaphala.

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

2hrs

9.         Roganutpadaniya

Concept of Vega- Adharaniya Vega and Dharaneeya Vega, Diseases due to vegadharana and their chikitsa, sharirshodhan.

 

Must to know

 

5hrs

10.     Rasayana for Swastha

Nirukti, paribhasha(definition ), classification and examples.

 

Nice to know

 

5hrs

11.    Ashtaninditapurusha
Menstrual hygiene 
Desirable to Know  

5hrs

 

 

Part B (YOGA AND NISARGOPACHARA) 50 marks
 

YOGA

 

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Topic

 

 

domain

 

time

12.    Introduction

Yoga shabdautpatti, definitions, Different schools of Yoga – Rajayoga, Hathayoga, Mantrayoga, Layayoga, Jnanayoga, Karmayoga, Bhaktiyoga.
Yoga prayojana
Ayurveda yoga sambandha, swasthyarakshaneyogasyamahatvamYogabhyasapratibhandhaka&siddhikarabhavas as per Hathayoga.
Mitahara and Pathyapathyani during Yogabhyasa

 

 

 

Must to know

 

 

 

8hrs

13.     Panchakosha Theory Nice to know

 

2hrs
14.     Astanga yoga
Yama, Niyama
Asana and its importance
Standing Postures
Ardhakatichakrasana, Padahastasana, Ardhachakrasana, Trikonasana.
Sitting postures
Swasthika, Gomukhasana, Padmasana, Vajrasana, Bhadrasana, Shashankasana, Ushtrasana, Pashchimottanasana, Suptavajrasana, ardhamatsyendrasana, Siddhasana.
Supine Postures
Pavanamuktasana, Sarvangasana, Matsyasana, Halasana, Chakrasana, Shavasana,Setubandhasana.
Prone postures
Bhujangasana, Shalbhasana, Dhanurasana, Makarasana.
Suryanamaskara – procedure and benefits.
 

 

 

 

must to know

 

 

 

 

8hrs

15.    Pranayama

Benefits of pranayama, time of practice, avara-pravara-madhyamalakshana, yukta-ayuktalakshana
NadishudhiPranayama .
Kumbhakabheda – suryabhedana, ujjayi, sheetali, Sitkari, Bhastrika, BhramariMurcha, Plavini.
Nadishudhilakshana

 

 

 

Must to know

 

 

6hrs

16.    Shatkarma

Dhauti, Basti, Neti, Trataka, Nauli, Kapalabhati

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

4hrs

17.     Bandhas and Mudras Desirable to Know 2hrs
18.     Shad chakras, Ida-pingala-sushumnanadis. Must to know 4hrs
19.     Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi  

Nice to know

 

4hrs

20.    Description of Yoga in Ayurveda

Moksha and Muktatmalakshana and upaya, Naishthikichikitsa, Satyabuddhi, Tatvasmriti, AshtaAishwarya, Ashta siddhis.

 

 

 

Nice

 

 

4hrs

 

 

NISARGOPACHARA (Prakritikachikitsa)

 

Topic Domain

 

Time
21. Definition, history, aims and objectives Theories as per Western school of Naturopathy Indian school – Panchabhutopasana Relation of Ayurveda and Naturopathy Importance of Naturopathy in present era.  

Must know

 

2hrs

22.     Jalachikitsa(hydrotherapy) – Hot water treatment, Cold water treatment, foot and arm bath, Spinal bath, hip bath, abdominal wet pack, Steam bath, enema and whirl pool bath.  

Nice to know

 

2hrs

23.     Mrittikachikitsa (Mud therapy) – Types of soil, doctrine of mud selection, mud bath. Desirable to Know 2hrs
24.     Suryakiranasevana (sun bath – heliotherapy) Desirable to Know 2hrs
25.     Mardana (Massage) – different methods and effects. Desirable to Know 2hrs
26.     Diet types – Soothing, Elimininative, Constructive,Positive and negative diet, Acidic and alkaline diet.  

Nice to know

 

1hrs

27.     Upavasachikitsa(Fasting therapy) – Importance, types, therapeutic effects of fasting.
Visramachikitsaupayoga
Nice to know  

2hrs

PAPER II – SAMAJIKA SWASTHAVRITTA

PART A          50 marks

 

Topic domain Time
28.     Janapadodhwamsa
Causes, Manifestations and control measures, importance of Panchakarma and Rasayana.
 

 

Must know

 

 

4hrs

29.     Vayu (Air)
Vayuguna according to sushrutasamhita, Properties of Vayu as per different directions, Vayushudhiprakara – Ayurvedic aspect.
Composition of air.
Air of occupied room- Thermal discomfort and comfort zone, indices of thermal comfort.
Air pollution – health and social aspects, Prevention and control of air pollution ,Global warming.
Ventilation and its types.
Mountain air & High altitude – Health problems
 

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

 

 

 

 

4hrs

30.     Jala (Ayurvedic and modern aspects)
Importance of water , safe and wholesome water, water requirements, properties, types and sources of water,water pollution and health hazards, Methods of water purification. Hardness of Water.
Examination,Tests and analysis of water.
Rain water harvesting and water recycling.
 

Must know

 

 

4hrs

31.     Bhumi and nivasasthana(Land and housing)
Types of soil,soil& health, Land pollution, Bhumishodhana, Nivasayogyabhoomi, Social goals of housing, Housing standards, Mahanasa (Kitchen) standards, Rural housing, Housing and health, Overcrowding.
 

 

Nice to know

 

 

2hrs

32.     Prakasha(lighting)
Requirement of good lighting,natural lighting, artificial lighting, biological effects of lighting.
Desirable to Know  

 

1hrs

33.     Dhwanipradooshana(Noise pollution) – Noise, Sources, effects,& control Desirable to Know  

1hrs

34.     Vikirana(Radiation) – sources, effects and control Desirable to Know 1hrs
35.     ApadravyaNirmulana (Disposal of solid waste)
Different types of solid waste
Storage and collection of refuse
Methods of disposal of solid waste (Rural & urban)
Bio-medical waste management
 

 

Must know

 

 

4hrs

36.     MalanishkasanaVyavastha (Excreta Disposal)
Methods for Unsewered area and Sewered area
Latrines for camps, fairs and festivals
 

Must know

 

 

4hrs

37.     Disposal of dead body – Burial, Burning, Electric cremation. Desirable to Know  

1hrs

38.     Meteorology (RituevamVatavaranajnanam)
Definition of weather and climate,factors influencing weather and climate.
Desirable to Know  

1hrs

39.     Disaster management
Definition, natural and man-made disasters,epidemiologic surveillance and disease control.
 

Nice to know

 

4hrs

40.     Occupational Health
Occupational Hazards, Occupational Diseases, Prevention of Occupational Diseases, Health & precautionary measures, ESI Act, Indian factories Act.
Offensive Trades- Effects on health and precautionary measures .
 

 

Must to know

 

 

6hrs

41.     School health services Health problems of school children, aspects of school health service, duties of school medical officers, Maintenance of healthy environment. Desirable to Know  

 

4hrs

42.     Epidemiology
Concept of Epidemiology, Dynamics of disease transmission, concept of diseases, concept of causation, Epidemiological triad, natural history of disease, concept of control, concept of prevention, Risks factor, modes of intervention, incidence and prevalence. Susceptible host, host defenses, Immunizing Agents, Disease prevention and control,investigation of epidemic.
Disinfection – definition, types.
Ayurvedic concept of Vyadhikshamatva and sankramakarogas.Epidemiology of communicable Diseases Chicken Pox, Measles, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Mumps, Tuberculosis, SARS, Influenza, Pneumonia, Cholera, Polio, Viral Hepatitis , Typhoid, Leptospirosis, Dengue Fever, Chikungunia, Malaria, Filariasis , Leprosy, Rabies , Tetanus, Emerging and re-emerging diseases.

Kuprasangajavyadhi (STDs)
AIDS, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, Chanchroid

 

 

 

 

 

Must know

 

 

 

 

 

10hrs

43.     Non-communicable disease epidemiology
Diabetes, Obesity, Hypertension, Coronary Heart Diseases, Rheumatic Heart Disease, Cancer
 

 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

6hrs

44.     ChikitsalayaBhavana (Hospital Building) Desirable to Know  

1hrs

45. Prathamikaswasthyasamrakshana(Primary Health Care) Definition, principle, elements,levels of health care.
Structure at village, sub centre, PHC,CHC, Rural hospital levels.
Health insurance, Private agencies, Voluntary health agencies, NGOs and AYUSH sector. Role of Ayurveda in Primary Health Care.
 

 

 

Must know

 

 

 

 

7hrs

46.     ParivarakalyanaYojana (Family welfare Programmes – Demography, demographic cycle, life expectancy.
Family  , methods of family planning.
 

 

Must know

 

 

 

5hrs

47.     MatrusishukalyanaYojana – MCH programme
Ante natal, intra natal, post natal, neo natal care. Child health problems and indicators of MCH care.
 

 

Nice to know

 

 

 

 

5hrs

48.     Preventive geriatrics – Problems of elderly,prevention and control measures. Desirable to Know  

3hrs

49.     World Health Organisation – Objectives,structure and functions.
International health agencies – United Nations agencies,Health work of bilateral agencies.Alma Ata declaration
 

 

Must know

 

 

 

5hrs

50.     National Health Policy
Health statistics – Definition, Sources, uses Data collection, Classification, Presentation.
Vital statistics-Morbidity rates,Mortality rates ,Fertility rates.
Health survey
Swasthyaprashasana(Health Administration) – Health administration at Central including AYUSH, state, district, village levels.
Desirable to Know  

 

 

7hrs

51.     National health programmes
Tuberculosis(RNTCP), Leprosy(NLEP), AIDS (NACP), Blindness (NPCB), Polio(PPI),Diabetes (NDCP), Cancer (NCCP) , Guinea worm, Vector born disease control programme, NRHM, all the upcoming national health programmes, RCH programme, Universal Immunization Programme.
National Nutritional Programmes – IDD, Vitamin A prophylaxis, Mid day meal, anemia control programmes.
Desirable to Know 10hrs
Admission 2017